Martin L. Bryant

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Simian acquired immune deficiency syndrome (SAIDS) in the macaque genus of monkeys at the California Primate Research Center is apparently caused by infection by a type D retrovirus. The complete nucleotide sequence (8173 base pairs) of a molecular clone of the prototype SAIDS virus isolate, SRV-1, reveals a typical retrovirus structure with long terminal(More)
Simian acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (SAIDS) in macaque monkeys is caused by type D retroviruses; three independent virus isolates are identified as SRV-1 (SAIDS retrovirus-serotype 1), SRV-2, and MPMV (Mason-Pfizer monkey virus). Virions from these three isolates have serologically related core antigens, but distinct surface proteins. Also, SRV-2 is(More)
Type D retrovirus was isolated from rhesus macaques with simian acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (SAIDS) and transmitted to healthy rhesus macaques with tissue culture medium containing the virus. The clinical, immunologic, and lymph node morphologic changes were observed in 9 rhesus macaques for 52 weeks after inoculation. A spectrum of clinical signs(More)
A new serotype of simian acquired immune deficiency syndrome (SAIDS) retrovirus (type 2) belonging to the D genus of retroviruses is associated with a SAIDS occurring spontaneously in a colony of Celebes macaques (Macaca nigra) and rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) at the Oregon Regional Primate Research Center. This syndrome resembles SAIDS in M. mulatta at(More)
The Mason-Pfizer monkey virus (MPMV) was reisolated from a cryopreserved sample of the original MPMV-containing rhesus breast carcinoma, and complete integrated MPMV provirus was detected in chromosomal DNA of this tumor. Reanalysis of the in vivo pathogenicity and molecular character of MPMV reisolated from the rhesus breast tumor and analysis of the(More)
A procedure to attenuate live influenza virus of type A and type B was developed using adaptation of the virus to grow at 25 degrees C (cold adaptation; ca). Through a series of stepwise passages, two stable mutants were obtained and designated as 'Master' strains, one for type A influenza virus (A/Ann Arbor/6/60-H2N2) and one for type B influenza virus(More)
Three simple, related nucleosides, beta-L-2'-deoxycytidine (LdC), beta-Lthymidine (LdT), and beta-L-2'-deoxyadenosine (LdA), have been discovered to be potent, specific and selective inhibitors of the replication hepatitis B virus (HBV), as well as the closely related duck and woodchuck hepatitis viruses (WHV). Structure-activity relationship analysis(More)
Structural comparison of the major envelope glycoproteins (gp70) from 35 different murine type C viruses and free gp70 expressed at various anatomical sites in the mouse showed that the gp70s are polymorphic products of a large multi-gene family encoding viral and differentiation antigens. Different proviruses are expressed in cells following distinct(More)
Genetically transmitted retroviruses of Old and New World monkeys include type C viruses isolated from baboons (M7), macaque (MAC-1), and owl monkeys (OMC-1) and type D viruses from langurs (PO-1-Lu) and squirrel monkeys (SMRV, M534). Each of these isolates is unrelated to the others by nucleic acid hybridization criteria and contains a unique array of(More)