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An extensive repertoire of modifications is known to underlie the versatile coding, structural and catalytic functions of RNA, but it remains largely uncharted territory. Although biochemical studies indicate that N(6)-methyladenosine (m(6)A) is the most prevalent internal modification in messenger RNA, an in-depth study of its distribution and functions(More)
Synonymous mutations do not alter the protein produced yet can have a significant effect on protein levels. The mechanisms by which this effect is achieved are controversial; although some previous studies have suggested that codon bias is the most important determinant of translation efficiency, a recent study suggested that mRNA folding at the beginning(More)
Telomeres are nucleoprotein structures present at the ends of eukaryotic chromosomes that play a central role in guarding the integrity of the genome by protecting chromosome ends from degradation and fusion. Length regulation is central to telomere function. To broaden our knowledge about the mechanisms that control telomere length, we have carried out a(More)
Natural habitats of some microorganisms may fluctuate erratically, whereas others, which are more predictable, offer the opportunity to prepare in advance for the next environmental change. In analogy to classical Pavlovian conditioning, microorganisms may have evolved to anticipate environmental stimuli by adapting to their temporal order of appearance.(More)
The dissection of complex biological systems is a challenging task, made difficult by the size of the underlying molecular network and the heterogeneous nature of the control mechanisms involved. Novel high-throughput techniques are generating massive data sets on various aspects of such systems. Here, we perform analysis of a highly diverse collection of(More)
The presence of repeated sequences in the genome represents a potential source of karyotypic instability. Genetic control of recombination is thus important to preserve the integrity of the genome. To investigate the genetic control of recombination between repeated sequences, we have created a series of isogenic strains in which we could assess the role of(More)
DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) are dangerous lesions that can lead to genomic instability and cell death. Eukaryotic cells repair DSBs either by nonhomologous end-joining (NHEJ) or by homologous recombination. We investigated the ability of yeast cells (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) to repair a single, chromosomal DSB by recombination at different stages of(More)
Replication-factor C (RFC) is a protein complex that loads the processivity clamp PCNA onto DNA. Elg1 is a conserved protein with homology to the largest subunit of RFC, but its function remained enigmatic. Here, we show that yeast Elg1 interacts physically and genetically with PCNA, in a manner that depends on PCNA modification, and exhibits preferential(More)
We describe the first large scale analysis of gene translation that is based on a model that takes into account the physical and dynamical nature of this process. The Ribosomal Flow Model (RFM) predicts fundamental features of the translation process, including translation rates, protein abundance levels, ribosomal densities and the relation between all(More)
TOR protein kinases are key regulators of cell growth in eukaryotes. TOR is also known as the target protein for the immunosuppressive and potentially anticancer drug rapamycin. The fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe has two TOR homologs. tor1+ is required under starvation and a variety of stresses, while tor2+ is an essential gene. Surprisingly, to(More)