Martin Kristian Raida

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Development of adaptive immunity in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) surviving a primary infection with 5x10(5)CFU Yersinia ruckeri O1 (LD(50) dose) was investigated by transcriptome analysis of spleen tissue. These fish surviving a primary infection showed also a significantly increased survival following a secondary infection (same dose) when compared(More)
Response mechanisms in teleosts against bacterial pathogens have been widely studied following injection procedures applying preparations of killed bacteria. In contrast, investigations on immune reactions in fish which have survived a primary infection and subsequently have been challenged are few or lacking. However, knowledge on these factors during(More)
Protection of rainbow trout fry following bath vaccination with a bacterin of Y. ruckeri O1, the bacterial pathogen causing enteric red mouth disease (ERM), was investigated at 5, 15 and 25 degrees C. Rainbow trout fry were acclimatised for 8 weeks at the three temperatures before vaccination. They were subsequently challenged with Y. ruckeri 4 and 8 weeks(More)
A key hallmark of the vertebrate adaptive immune system is the generation of antigen-specific antibodies from B cells. Fish are the most primitive gnathostomes (jawed vertebrates) possessing an adaptive immune system. Vaccination of rainbow trout against enteric redmouth disease (ERM) by immersion in Yersinia ruckeri bacterin confers a high degree of(More)
Antigen uptake has been shown to occur in the teleost intestine, but so far, limited information is available on the distribution and nature of cells involved in the process, and M cells, known for their antigen-sampling abilities in mammals, have not been identified. Here, different intestinal segments from salmonid fish were exposed to gold-BSA to(More)
Innate immune factors play a crucial role in survival of young fish especially during early stages of life when adaptive immunity is not fully developed. In the present study, we investigated the immune response of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) larvae and fry at an early stage of development. We exposed 17 and 87° days post hatch larvae and fry (152(More)
The gene expression of immune-relevant genes in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss following vaccination with a bacterin of Yersinia ruckeri, a bacterial pathogen causing enteric red mouth disease (ERM), was investigated at 5, 15, and 25 degrees C. Rainbow trout were immunized by i.p. injection of a water-based Y. ruckeri (serotype O1) bacterin, and gene(More)
Rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss were immunised by intra-peritoneal injection using a live vaccine based on Ichthyophthirius multifiliis (Ich) theronts, which previously has shown protection against white spot disease. Samples were taken pre-vaccination and on Day 1, 7, 21 and 28 post-immunisation (p.i.). Expression of immune relevant genes in the liver,(More)
The immune response against bacterial pathogens has been widely studied in teleosts and it is evident that survival chances differ significantly within a host population. Identification of indicators for susceptibility and responsiveness will improve our understanding of this host-pathogen interaction. The present work shows that the transcripts of cytokine(More)