Martin Kopecký

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The collapse of vimentin caused by some xenobiotics correlates with the loss of structural integrity of the seminiferous epithelium. In this study, we investigated the effect of busulphan (an anticancer drug with toxic effects on dividing germ cells) on vimentin filament distribution in rat seminiferous epithelium and compared it with changes found in(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to investigate the role of 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases (11HSD1 and 11HSD2) in determining the fetal concentration of glucocorticoids. METHODS The expression patterns for mRNA abundance, protein level, and enzyme activities of placental and fetal 11HSD1 and 11HSD2 were assessed from embryonic day 13 (E13)(More)
P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is a drug efflux transporter that limits the entry of various potentially toxic drugs and xenobiotics into the fetus and is thus considered a placental protective mechanism. In this study, P-gp expression was investigated in the rat chorioallantoic placenta over the course of pregnancy. Three methods have been employed: real-time(More)
Rhodamine 123 (Rho123), a model substrate of P-glycoprotein (P-gp), was used to evaluate the functional activity of P-gp efflux transporter in the rat placental barrier. The dually perfused rat-term placenta method was used. In our experiments, the materno-fetal transplacental passage of Rho123 did not meet the criteria of the first-order pharmacokinetics,(More)
The aim of this study was to compare renal handling and distribution of (99m)Tc-octreotide and (99m)Tc-EDDA/HYNIC-Tyr(3)-octreotide (HYNIC-TOC) in rats. In kidney perfusion experiments, the renal clearance value of (99m)Tc-octreotide was three times lower than that of (99m)Tc-EDDA/HYNIC-TOC. The predominant renal excretion of (99m)Tc-EDDA/HYNIC-TOC was(More)
Many cushion plants ameliorate the harsh environment they inhabit in alpine ecosystems and act as nurse plants, with significantly more species growing within their canopy than outside. These facilitative interactions seem to increase with the abiotic stress, thus supporting the stress-gradient hypothesis. We tested this prediction by exploring the(More)
The well-developed biological soil crusts cover up to 40% of the soil surface in the alpine and subnival zones of the Tibetan Plateau, accounting for a vast area of Asia. We investigated the diversity and biomass of the phototrophic part (Cyanobacteria) of the microbial community inhabiting biological soil crusts and uncrusted soils in their surroundings on(More)
Corticosteroids have been shown to play a role in cardiac remodeling, with the possibility of a direct effect of overexpression of 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11HSD) isoform 2 at the level of the cardiomyocytes. The aim of this study was to examine cardiac steroid metabolism in hypertensive rats with hearts that are hypertrophied and fibrotic and(More)
BACKGROUND Due to their high CCK-2/gastrin receptor selectivity, high affinity, and rapid background clearance, radiolabeled minigastrins (MG) are emerging as promising new tools in the diagnosis and therapy of CCK-2/gastrin receptor-positive tumors. In this study, the pharmacokinetic profile, particularly the excretion mode, of two 111In-labeled(More)
Adhesion between Sertoli cells and germ cells is important for spermatogenesis. Cadherins are Ca(2+)-dependent transmembrane proteins that mediate cell-cell adhesion. The aim of this study was to compare the expression of P-cadherin in unilaterally cryptorchid and busulphan-treated rat testes using immunohistochemistry. The pattern of expression of(More)