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As a result of fundamental changes in the International Code of Nomenclature on the use of separate names for sexual and asexual stages of fungi, generic names of many groups should be reconsidered. Members of the ECMM/ISHAM working group on Pseudallescheria/Scedosporium infections herein advocate a novel nomenclature for genera and species in(More)
Benzoxazolinone detoxification is similar in plants grown under sulfur deficiency conditions and in control plants grown with an optimal S supply. However, when S-deficient plants were treated with metolachlor before benzoxazolin-2(3H)-one (BOA) incubation, detoxification was reduced, as indicated by a lower accumulation of the detoxification products(More)
BACKGROUND Mushroom poisoning by some species of the Cortinarius (Agaricales) often lead to irreversible renal failure caused by the nephrotoxin orellanine. In 1994 and 1995, six poisoning outbreaks involving ten individuals in Northern Italy and in Austria were investigated. METHODS A total of 87 clinical samples (urine and blood samples including renal(More)
Mushrooms of the Cortinarius species are nephrotoxic and can cause severe acute renal failure. The toxic effect is due to orellanine. It is suspected that the cytotoxic damage is caused by the production of oxygen-free radicals. Renal pathology shows tubular necrosis with interstitial nephritis. In addition to accidental intoxications as a consequence of(More)
BACKGROUND Renal failure as a consequence of eating mushrooms has been reported repeatedly after ingestion of webcaps of the Cortinarius orellanus group. But mushrooms of the genus Amanita can also cause renal failure: Amanita smithiana (North America) and Amanita proxima (Mediterranean area). Here, we discuss poisonings caused by other white amanitas. A(More)
Phytomyxids (plasmodiophorids and phagomyxids) are cosmopolitan, obligate biotrophic protist parasites of plants, diatoms, oomycetes and brown algae. Plasmodiophorids are best known as pathogens or vectors for viruses of arable crops (e.g. clubroot in brassicas, powdery potato scab, and rhizomania in sugar beet). Some phytomyxid parasites are of(More)
This study shows that 5-hydroxytrypatmine (5-HT, serotonin) is fungicidal towards conidia and hyphae of clinical isolates of Aspergillus (A.) fumigatus, A. flavus and A. terreus. The minimal fungicidal concentrations for Aspergillus conidia and hyphae ranged between 14.68 to 117.5 mM and 29.37 to 235 mM during 24 and 48 h of incubation. Several serotonin(More)
Presented here is a case of chronic paracoccidioidomycosis that occurred in a Cuban female living in Austria and was first misdiagnosed as tuberculosis. The clinical picture was one of progressive pulmonary insufficiency with fever, weight loss and productive cough. Since antituberculous therapy was started but did not achieve a long-term clinical response,(More)
Reversed-phase liquid chromatography was used to separate toxins in mushrooms of the genus Omphalotus. Crude ethyl acetate extracts of cultures were injected directly onto a 150 x 2 mm I.D. column packed with 3 microns octadecylsilica and eluted with a gradient of acetonitrile in 0.1% aqueous acetic acid at a flow-rate of 200 microliters/min. Monitoring of(More)