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The endothelin (ET) system may play an important role in the pathogenesis of acute renal failure (ARF). We hypothesize that the course of ARF in an ischemia-reperfusion model will be markedly attenuated by the orally active ET(A)-receptor antagonist LU 135252 (LU) because of an improvement of renal perfusion. ARF was induced in rats by clamping both renal(More)
The role of endothelin (ET)-1 in blood pressure homeostasis and the interaction with the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) was investigated in normotensive conscious dogs. ETA receptors were blocked by LU-135252 (1-30 mg/kg); trandolapril (2 mg/kg) or losartan (10 mg/kg) was used to inhibit the RAS. LU-135252 in oral doses of 3-30 mg/kg significantly reduced(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to verify whether endothelin A-antagonist administration at the time of coronary reperfusion preserves postischemic microvasculature and whether myocardial contrast echo (MCE) is able to detect pharmacologically induced changes in microvascular reflow. METHODS AND RESULTS Twenty dogs underwent 90 minutes of LAD(More)
BACKGROUND We previously demonstrated that therapy with a new endothelin A receptor antagonist (ET-RA) significantly reduced mortality rates in severe acute pancreatitis (AP) in the rat without attenuating local signs of disease severity (intrapancreatic protease activation, acinar cell necrosis). This raised the question as to why ET-RA was so effective.(More)
Many of the complications of severe acute pancreatitis are the result of the amplifying effects of microcirculatory disruption. The factors causing microcirculatory disorders in acute pancreatitis involve vasoactive mediators such as platelet-activating factor (PAF) and endothelin-1 (ET) activated during the inflammatory response to pancreatic injury. To(More)
In isolated cardiac myocytes, the direct effects of angiotensin II on cellular growth and gene expression were shown to be mediated by endothelin via the endothelin subtype A (ETA) receptor. To determine whether this pathway is also involved in the cardiovascular adaptations to a chronic activation of the renin-angiotensin system in vivo, the effects of a(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic rejection is the most common cause of graft loss in renal transplantation. The pathomechanisms underlying chronic rejection are poorly understood, and no treatment has yet successfully been established. We hypothesized that, in analogy to models of reduced renal mass, the administration of a selective endothelin (ET) A receptor antagonist(More)
Local infusion of recombinant monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) has been shown to enhance collateral artery formation in rabbit and pig hindlimb models. Owing to clinical disadvantages of protein infusion, a nonviral, liposome-based MCP-1 gene transfer was developed. Collateralization in a porcine hindlimb model served to provide a(More)
Endothelins build a peptide family composed of three isoforms, each of them containing 21 amino acids. Endothelin-1 is the isoform mainly responsible for any cardiovascular action and therefore the sole scope of this review. Endothelin-1 is the most potent endogenous vasoconstrictor known; in addition it acts as a potent (co)mitogen. There is a substantial(More)