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BACKGROUND/AIMS The commonly used kidney function tests have limitations, especially in thyroid dysfunction. Therefore, we studied the most commonly used kidney function tests in patients with hypo- and hyperthyroidism and after reaching euthyroidism. METHODS Prospective case series in 16 patients with thyroid dysfunction. Serum creatinine, 24-hour(More)
INTRODUCTION Secondary hyperparathyroidism develops in nearly all patients with end-stage renal disease. Parathyroidectomy is often performed when medical therapy fails. The most common postoperative complication, hungry bone syndrome (HBS), requires early recognition and treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 84 patients who underwent(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic peritoneal dialysis (PD) can be complicated by encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS), the most severe complication associated with long-term PD. METHODS In this study, we retrospectively analysed 49 EPS patients regarding clinical presentation, histopathological findings, treatment and long-term clinical outcome at our referral(More)
BACKGROUND Uraemic pruritus (UP) is still one of the most vexing and disabling symptoms in chronic renal failure. The pathogenesis of UP is obscure and effective therapeutic strategies are elusive. Deduced from partial successful treatment modalities, there is evidence that an alteration of the immune system with a pro-inflammatory pattern along with a(More)
BACKGROUND Prevention of contrast media (CM) induced nephropathy (CIN) by prophylaxis (e.g. N-acetylcysteine; NAC) is controversially discussed. Up to now, assessment of kidney function has been based on measurements of serum creatinine, although this biomarker has several limitations. We investigated NAC and zinc (Zn) for the prevention of CIN by(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Emergency departments (EDs) have a growing role in hospital admissions, but few studies address AKI biomarkers in the ED. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS Patients admitted to the internal medicine service were enrolled during initial workup in the ED at Robert-Bosch-Hospital, Stuttgart, Germany. Daily serum(More)
OBJECTIVES Peritonitis is one of the most important causes of treatment failure in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. This study describes changes in characteristics of causative organisms in PD-related peritonitis and antimicrobial susceptibility. METHODS In this single center study we analyzed retrospective 487 susceptibility profiles of the peritoneal(More)
BACKGROUND Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) and simple peritoneal sclerosis are important complications of long-term peritoneal dialysis (PD). Podoplanin is expressed by mesothelial cells and lymphatic vessels, which are involved in inflammatory reactions in the peritoneal cavity. METHODS We studied 69 peritoneal biopsies from patients on PD (n =(More)
BACKGROUND The two most relevant pathologies of long-term peritoneal dialysis (PD) are simple sclerosis and encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS). The histological differentiation of those two entities is difficult. The Aim of the study was to establish a method to standardize and facilitate the differentiation between simple sclerosis and EPS METHODS:(More)
The presentation of patients with primary hyperparathyroidism is often atypical and ranges from normocalcemic, primary hyperparathyroidism to severe, symptomatic hypercalcemia. G-protein-coupled, calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR), vitamin D receptor (VDR), and fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR)/klotho complexes seem to be involved in the development of(More)