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ABSTRACT A simple model has been developed to predict the onset of pseudothecia maturity and seasonal ascospore showers in relation to blackleg disease in canola, caused by the fungus Leptosphaeria maculans. The model considers a combination of two weather factors, daily mean temperature and daily total rainfall, to drive progress of maturity of(More)
ABSTRACT Leptosphaeria maculans, the causal agent of stem canker of oilseed rape, develops gene-for-gene interactions with its hosts. To date, eight L. maculans avirulence (Avr) genes, AvrLm1 to AvrLm8, have been genetically characterized. An additional Avr gene, AvrLm9, that interacts with the resistance gene Rlm9, was genetically characterized here(More)
Leptosphaeria maculans, a dothideomycete fungus causing stem canker on oilseed rape, develops gene-for-gene interactions with its host plants. It has the ability to rapidly adapt to selection pressure exerted by cultivars harbouring novel resistance genes as exemplified recently by the 3-year evolution towards virulence at the AvrLm1 locus in French(More)
ABSTRACT The timing of maturation of pseudothecia and discharge of ascospores of the blackleg fungus (Leptosphaeria maculans) is critical in relation to infection early in the cropping season of canola. During 1998 to 2000, development of pseudothecia was investigated on residues of the previous year's canola crop collected from four agroclimatically(More)
Weather-based models (Improved Blackleg Sporacle and SporacleEzy) to predict the date of onset of seasonal release from oilseed rape debris of ascospores of Leptosphaeria maculans or L. biglobosa , causes of phoma stem canker, were developed and tested with data from diverse environments in Australia, Canada, France, Poland and the UK. Parameters were(More)
An isolated occurrence of Fusarium head blight (FHB) of wheat was detected in the south-west region of Western Australia during the 2003 harvest season. The molecular identity of 23 isolates of Fusarium spp. collected from this region during the FHB outbreak confirmed the associated pathogens to be F. graminearum, F. acuminatum or F. tricinctum. Moreover,(More)
The high prevalence (14 of 24 isolates) of enniatin-producing isolates from Western Australian Fusarium species isolated from pasture legumes associated with sheep feed refusal and rat deaths, and the high toxicity of their crude extracts to brine shrimp (Artemia franciscana) from a previous study warranted further investigation of this class of mycotoxin.(More)
Sheep grazing in Western Australia can partially or completely refuse to consume annual Medicago pods contaminated with a number of different Fusarium species. Many Fusarium species are known to produce trichothecenes as part of their array of toxigenic secondary metabolites, which are known to cause feed refusal in animals. This study reports the identity(More)
Stem canker of crucifers is caused by an ascomycete species complex comprising of two main species, Leptosphaeria maculans and L. biglobosa. These are composed of at least seven distinct subclades based on biochemical data or on sequences of internal transcribed spacer (ITS), the mating type MAT1-2 or fragments of actin or beta-tubulin genes. In the course(More)
BACKGROUND Annual Medicago spp., including M. truncatula, play an important agronomic role in dryland farming regions of the world where they are often an integral component of cropping systems, particularly in regions with a Mediterranean or Mediterranean-type climate where they grow as winter annuals that provide both nitrogen and disease breaks for(More)