Learn More
Leptosphaeria maculans, a dothideomycete fungus causing stem canker on oilseed rape, develops gene-for-gene interactions with its host plants. It has the ability to rapidly adapt to selection pressure exerted by cultivars harbouring novel resistance genes as exemplified recently by the 3-year evolution towards virulence at the AvrLm1 locus in French(More)
ABSTRACT Leptosphaeria maculans, the causal agent of stem canker of oilseed rape, develops gene-for-gene interactions with its hosts. To date, eight L. maculans avirulence (Avr) genes, AvrLm1 to AvrLm8, have been genetically characterized. An additional Avr gene, AvrLm9, that interacts with the resistance gene Rlm9, was genetically characterized here(More)
ABSTRACT A simple model has been developed to predict the onset of pseudothecia maturity and seasonal ascospore showers in relation to blackleg disease in canola, caused by the fungus Leptosphaeria maculans. The model considers a combination of two weather factors, daily mean temperature and daily total rainfall, to drive progress of maturity of(More)
ABSTRACT The timing of maturation of pseudothecia and discharge of ascospores of the blackleg fungus (Leptosphaeria maculans) is critical in relation to infection early in the cropping season of canola. During 1998 to 2000, development of pseudothecia was investigated on residues of the previous year's canola crop collected from four agroclimatically(More)
Weather-based models (Improved Blackleg Sporacle and SporacleEzy) to predict the date of onset of seasonal release from oilseed rape debris of ascospores of Leptosphaeria maculans or L. biglobosa , causes of phoma stem canker, were developed and tested with data from diverse environments in Australia, Canada, France, Poland and the UK. Parameters were(More)
three master's graduates. Only one of these was a plant pathologist and he was soon appointed to a district office only marginally concerned with plant diseases. It would seem to me that the time has arrived for plant pathology administrators in each State to aim for one or two members of their staff to be trained as extension plant pathologists. The type(More)
Strawberry (Fragaria×ananassa) is one of the most important berry crops in the world. Root rot of strawberry caused by Rhizoctonia spp. is a serious threat to commercial strawberry production worldwide. However, there is no information on the genetic diversity and phylogenetic status of Rhizoctonia spp. associated with root rot of strawberry in Australia.(More)
Strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa) is a high-value crop worldwide. Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. fragariae causes rapid wilting and death of strawberry plants and severe economic losses worldwide. To date, no studies have been conducted to determine colonisation of either susceptible or resistant strawberry plants by F. oxysporum f. sp. fragariae, or whether(More)
An isolated occurrence of Fusarium head blight (FHB) of wheat was detected in the south-west region of Western Australia during the 2003 harvest season. The molecular identity of 23 isolates of Fusarium spp. collected from this region during the FHB outbreak confirmed the associated pathogens to be F. graminearum, F. acuminatum or F. tricinctum. Moreover,(More)
The high prevalence (14 of 24 isolates) of enniatin-producing isolates from Western Australian Fusarium species isolated from pasture legumes associated with sheep feed refusal and rat deaths, and the high toxicity of their crude extracts to brine shrimp (Artemia franciscana) from a previous study warranted further investigation of this class of mycotoxin.(More)