Martin Jakab

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Cell volume alterations are involved in numerous cellular events like epithelial transport, metabolic processes, hormone secretion, cell migration, proliferation and apoptosis. Above all it is a need for every cell to counteract osmotic cell swelling in order to avoid cell damage. The defence against excess cell swelling is accomplished by a reduction of(More)
The ability of cells to readjust their volume after swelling, a phenomenon known as regulatory volume decrease (RVD), is a fundamental biological achievement guaranteeing survival and function of cells under osmotic stress. This article reviews the mechanisms of RVD in mammalian cells with special emphasis on the activation of ion channels during RVD.
Hereditary hemochromatosis and transfusional iron overload are frequent clinical conditions associated with progressive iron accumulation in parenchymal tissues, leading to eventual organ failure. We have discovered a new mechanism to reverse iron overload—pharmacological modulation of the divalent metal transporter-1 (DMT-1). DMT-1 mediates intracellular(More)
Reconstitution of purified ICln in lipid bilayer leads to functional ion channels showing varying rectification. The reconstituted single channels have a conductance of ≅3 pS and their open probability is sensitive to nucleoside analogues. Mutation of a putative nucleotide binding site identified at the predicted extracellular mouth of the ICln channel(More)
The skin, the largest organ of the body, functions as a barrier between the body proper and the external environment, as it is constantly exposed to noxious stressors. During the last few years, the concept of an interactive network involving cutaneous nerves, the neuroendocrine axis, and the immune system has emerged. The neuroendocrine system of the skin(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Traditional Mongolian medicine (TMM) uses preparations from herbs as one form of medication for the treatment of a diversity of diseases including diabetes mellitus (DM). We evaluated the effect of extracts from the plant Leonurus sibiricus L. (LS), used in TMM to treat typical symptoms of type 2 DM, on insulin secretion,(More)
The metabolic coupling of insulin secretion by pancreatic beta cells is mediated by membrane depolarization due to increased glucose-driven ATP production and closure of K(ATP) channels. Alternative pathways may involve the activation of anion channels by cell swelling upon glucose uptake. In INS-1E insulinoma cells superfusion with an isotonic solution(More)
ICln is an ion channel identified by expression cloning using a cDNA library from Madin-Darby canine kidney cells. In all organisms tested so far, only one transcript for the ICln protein could be identified. Here we show that two splice variants of the ICln ion channel can be found in Caenorhabditis elegans. Moreover, we show that these two splice variants(More)
Curcumin (1,7-bis(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-1E,6E-heptadiene-3,5-dione or diferuloyl methane) is a polyphenol derived from the Curcuma longa plant, commonly known as turmeric. This substance has been used extensively in Ayurvedic medicine for centuries for its anti-oxidant, analgesic, anti-inflammatory and antiseptic activity. More recently curcumin has(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2), an epigenetic master regulator, contributes to progression and development of biliary tract cancer (BTC). The present study investigated the effects of the PRC2 inhibitor 3-deazaneplanocin A (DZNep) on BTC cell lines. MATERIALS AND METHODS In vitro effects of DZNep treatment were analyzed for cell(More)