Martin J. Trotter

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Metastatic malignant melanoma (MM) is usually incurable and responds poorly to chemotherapy. Because many cytotoxic drugs cause cell death by inducing apoptosis, an imbalance of apoptosis regulatory proteins may contribute to MM treatment resistance. We have previously shown reduced expression of Bcl-2 protein, a negative regulator of apoptosis, in MM as(More)
Sequential intravenous injection of two fluorescent stains, Hoechst 33342 and DiOC7(3), can be used to quantify transient perfusion in experimental tumors. Regions of unmatched staining, indicative of intermittent perfusion, occur when vessels open or close in the 20 minute interval between administration of the dyes. In the murine SCCVII carcinoma, 8.9 +/-(More)
Co-contraction of antagonist muscles is a recognized clinical phenomenon in patients surviving a cerebrovascular accident. Yet, discrepancies persist in the literature as to whether or not antagonist electromyographic activity is increased in hemiparesis. We have developed a technique to obtain simultaneous counts of motor unit activity in a wrist flexor(More)
The effect of the vasodilator hydralazine on tumor vascular function has been evaluated in C3H/He mice bearing subcutaneously implanted SCCVII squamous cell carcinoma. Changes in microregional perfusion following hydralazine administration were observed using a double fluorescent staining technique. Hydralazine-induced alterations in tumor blood flow were(More)
An accurate and complete pathology report is critical for the optimal management of cutaneous melanoma patients. Protocols for the pathologic reporting of melanoma have been independently developed by the Royal College of Pathologists of Australasia (RCPA), Royal College of Pathologists (United Kingdom) (RCPath), and College of American Pathologists (CAP).(More)
p21waf-1 negatively regulates the cell cycle by inhibiting the activity of cyclin-dependent kinases. As p21waf-1 is a probable tumor suppressor, we sought to determine whether this cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor is abnormally regulated in human cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). An immunohistochemical technique was employed to assay p21waf-1(More)
Sartorius muscle fibres of Xenopus laevis were depolarized in solutions of high K+ content and then voltage clamped in solutions in which K+ was replaced by Rb+ and(or) tetraethylammonium ion (TEA+) at pH 9. A three-microelectrode clamp system was used in which the bath was held at virtual ground using an operational amplifier in a current meter(More)
An intravenously administered fluorescent carbocyanine dye, DiOC7(3), has been evaluated for use in conjunction with Hoechst 33342 as a marker of murine tumour vasculature. DiOC7(3) stains cells immediately adjacent to blood vessels and thus, like Hoechst 33342, outlines perfused tumour vasculature. The different fluorescence excitation and emission(More)
BACKGROUND Numerous modalities may be used for skin resurfacing, including chemical peels, dermabrasion, and lasers. Each of these methods is associated with significant disadvantages. OBJECTIVE The purpose of these initial studies was to determine the efficacy and safety of a new electrosurgical resurfacing system. Depth of cutaneous injury was also(More)