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This review presents recommended nomenclature for the biosynthesis of ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified peptides (RiPPs), a rapidly growing class of natural products. The current knowledge regarding the biosynthesis of the >20 distinct compound classes is also reviewed, and commonalities are discussed.
Conversion of glycerol to 1,3-propanediol (1,3-PDO) is an attractive option to increase the economic efficiency of the biofuel industry. A bacterial strain that produced 1,3-PDO in the presence of glycerol was isolated from thin stillage, the fermentation residue of bioethanol production. This 1,3-PDO-producing organism was identified as Lactobacillus panis(More)
BACKGROUND Conjugated linoleic acid (cis-9, trans-11 CLA) and trans-11 vaccenic acid (VA) are found naturally in ruminant-derived foods. CLA has been shown to have numerous potential health related effects and has been extensively investigated. More recently, we have shown that VA has lipid-lowering properties associated with reduced hepatic lipidogenesis(More)
Specificities of three monoclonal antibodies (15-I-C5, DBPA 1, and MAC 62) raised against the plant hormone (S)-(+)-abscisic acid (ABA) have been compared. Immunological cross-reactivities against fifteen biologically active analogs of ABA were measured. The ABA analogs were altered at one or more of four positions: the double bonds in the ring, at C-2 C-3(More)
This study assessed the long-term effects of dietary vaccenic acid (VA) and elaidic acid (EA) on plasma and splenocyte phospholipid (PL) composition and related changes in inflammation and splenocyte phenotypes and cytokine responses in obese/insulin resistant JCR:LA-cp rats. Relative to lean control (Ctl), obese Ctl rats had higher serum haptoglobin and(More)
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) present in dairy and ruminant fat has beneficial effects on metabolic syndrome characteristics in humans and some rodent models. Production practices to increase the milk content of CLA are also substantially elevating trans-11-vaccenic acid (VA). Questions are being raised whether VA has the same beneficial actions as CLA or(More)
The title compound, C(56)H(83)N(9)O(11)S·2C(4)H(10)O·H(2)O, is a butanol-water solvate of the cyclo-linopeptide cyclo(Metsulfone(1)-Leu(2)-Ile(3)-Pro(4)-Pro(5)-Phe(6)-Phe(7)-Val(8)-Ile(9)) (henceforth referred to as CLP-K) which was isolated from flax oil. All the amino acid residues are in an l configuration based on the CORN rule. The cyclic nona-peptide(More)
Large volumes of treated process water are required for protein extraction. Evaporation of this water contributes greatly to the energy consumed in enriching protein products. Thin stillage remaining from ethanol production is available in large volumes and may be suitable for extracting protein rich materials. In this work protein was extracted from ground(More)
Techniques that make possible the non-destructive continuous observation of plant anatomy and developmental processes provide novel insights into these phenomena. Non-destructive imaging of seeds was demonstrated using the synchrotron-based X-ray imaging technique, diffraction enhanced imaging (DEI). The seed images obtained had good contrast and(More)
The title compound, C(56)H(83)N(9)O(9)S·3CH(3)OH, is a methanol tris-olvate of the cyclo-linopeptide cyclo(Met(1)-Leu(2)-Ile(3)-Pro(4)-Pro(5)-Phe(6)-Phe(7)-Val(8)-Ile(9)) (henceforth referred to as CLP-B), which was isolated from flaxseed oil. All the amino acid residues are in an l-configuration based on the CORN rule. The cyclic nona-peptide exhibits(More)