Martin J. Stoermer

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The flavivirus West Nile virus (WNV) has spread rapidly throughout the world in recent years causing fever, meningitis, encephalitis, and fatalities. Because the viral protease NS2B/NS3 is essential for replication, it is attracting attention as a potential therapeutic target, although there are currently no antiviral inhibitors for any flavivirus. This(More)
Antibacterial drugs with novel scaffolds and new mechanisms of action are desperately needed to address the growing problem of antibiotic resistance. The periplasmic oxidative folding system in Gram-negative bacteria represents a possible target for anti-virulence antibacterials. By targeting virulence rather than viability, development of resistance and(More)
Drug discovery and translation are normally based on optimizing efficacy by increasing receptor affinity, functional potency, drug-likeness (rule-of-five compliance) and oral bioavailability. Here we demonstrate that residence time of a compound on its receptor has an overriding influence on efficacy, exemplified for antagonists of inflammatory protein(More)
Protease activated receptor 2 (PAR2) is an unusual G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR) involved in inflammation and metabolism. It is activated through cleavage of its N-terminus by proteases. The new N-terminus functions as a tethered ligand that folds back and intramolecularly activates PAR2, initiating multiple downstream signaling pathways. The only(More)
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