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BACKGROUND Complex posterior fracture-dislocations of the shoulder are rare and often associated with poor long-term function regardless of the choice of treatment. The purposes of this study were to evaluate the epidemiology and pathological anatomy of posterior fracture-dislocations of the shoulder and to assess the clinical and radiographic outcomes of a(More)
The cauda equina syndrome is an uncommon and poorly understood complication of ankylosing spondylitis. The clinical and radiologic findings in five patients with this syndrome are described. Typical findings include cutaneous sensory impairment of the lower limbs and perineum with sphincter disturbances. Motor impairment occurs less frequently, and(More)
Radiation therapy has important applications in curative, adjuvant, and palliative therapy for a wide range of malignant conditions. Evidence of radiation therapy may be seen on radiologic images obtained subsequent to therapy. Bone growth disturbances may be observed in the immature axial or appendicular skeleton. Complications in the mature skeleton(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the utility of selective injection of local anesthetic into hindfoot articulations for localizing the source of posttraumatic pain and to compare clinical response with the severity of degenerative change in the various articulations evident on plain radiographs or CT scans. SUBJECTS AND METHODS(More)
A novel constitutive promoter from the maize histone H2Bgene was recently identified. In this study, we characterised H2B promoter activity in both wheat and maize tissues using the gusA reporter gene and two synthetic versions of the pat (phosphinothricin acetyl transferase) selectable marker gene, namely mopat and popat. Analyses of transgenic plants(More)
The effects of azadirachtin, salannin, nimbin, and 6-desacetylnimbin on ecdysone 20-monooxygenase (E-20-M) activity were examined in three insect species. Homogenates of wandering stage third instar larvae of Drosophila melanogaster, or abdomens from adult female Aedes aegypti, or fat body or midgut from fifth instar larvae of Manduca sexta were incubated(More)
The authors categorized 125 spinal lesions in cancer patients and 127 lesions in patients with back pain according to their location in the vertebra on single photon emission computed tomographic (SPECT) images. Forty-four lesions were metastases, all in patients with known malignancy. Lesions in the apophyseal joints were all benign. Lesions manifesting as(More)
Conventional radiography in the lateral projection was used to evaluate 25 osteolytic lesions involving vertebral bodies of the thoracolumbar spine. Destruction was calculated as percentages of the maximum transverse diameter and volume of the vertebral body as measured by computed tomography (CT) and the effect of size of lesion on detection was evaluated.(More)