Martin J. Kroos

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Transferrin (Tf) mRNA was recently demonstrated in rat and mouseplacental tissue. Rat placental cells were shown to secrete transferrin. Thecell type with which Tf mRNA was associated was not investigated. Wetherefore studied the ability of immunopurified human term cytotrophoblastcells in culture to synthesize Tf, by means of pulse-label experiments(More)
The present study aims at the role of ferritin in the regulation of syncytiotrophoblast free iron levels. The differentiated cytotrophoblast cell in culture is used as a model for this maternal-fetal interface. Cytotrophoblast cells isolated from term placentae are cultured in iron-poor (Medium 199), iron-depleted [desferrioxamine(DFO)] and(More)
A major drawback to the use of OKT3, a mouse anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody (mAb), as an immunosuppressive agent is the associated cytokine release syndrome. We used a mouse model to elucidate the properties of anti-CD3 mAb responsible for these cytokine-related side effects. We have previously demonstrated that the hamster anti-CD3 mAb 145-2C11 induced(More)
The iron status of two groups of pregnant women was investigated. One group did not receive iron (group B), the other erceived 100 mg iron/day (group A). 1. In all individuals concentrations of hemoglobin, serum iron, transferrin and serum ferritin were determined at regular intervals from the third month until delivery and at 3 months after delivery. The(More)
Transferrin receptors (TfR's) on the syncytiotrophoblast mediate transferrin (Tf) dependent Fe uptake and transfer to the fetus. We studied TfR number and density at the microvillous membrane isolated from guinea pig placentas at day 40, 50 and 64 (near term), together with the K(a) values for the main serum isotransferrins being biantennary Tf(slow) and(More)
Transferrin (Tf), a major secretory protein of Sertoli cells, may transport iron to spermatogenic cells. This was assessed by measuring the uptake of Fe from 59Fe-125I-labelled rat Tf by Sertoli cells and round spermatids in vitro. Uptake of Fe from labelled Tf by Sertoli cells after a 72-h pre-incubation period was linear for 20 h (approximately 18(More)
Transferrin bound to K 562 cells at 4 degrees C was internalized quickly on temperature shift to 37 degrees C. Endosomes were isolated according to two different procedures. The endosome fraction was shown to be heterogeneous and consisted of two vesicle populations, differing in density properties and iron content. Iron was partially released from(More)
Incubation of isolated rat hepatocytes with different human sialo transferrins shows that interaction with the specific transferrin receptor is insensitive to differences in the carbohydrate composition of the glycans. Asialo transferrins lead to an increased iron uptake, which is dependent on the amount of exposed galactose. This is explained by the(More)
Serum and bone marrow from 18 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and five healthy controls were studied in order to establish a possible role of impaired iron uptake and transferrin binding by erythroblasts in the pathophysiology of anaemia of chronic disease (ACD) in RA. Iron incorporation into erythroblasts was reduced in patients with ACD using a(More)