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BACKGROUND Nivolumab, a fully human IgG4 programmed death 1 (PD-1) immune-checkpoint-inhibitor antibody, disrupts PD-1-mediated signaling and may restore antitumor immunity. METHODS In this randomized, open-label, international phase 3 study, we assigned patients with nonsquamous non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) that had progressed during or after(More)
The large epithelial surface area, the high organ vascularization, the thin nature of the alveolar epithelium and the immense capacity for solute exchange are factors that led the lung to serve as an ideal administration route for the application of drugs for treatment of systemic disorders. However, the deposition behaviour of aerosol particles in the(More)
INTRODUCTION Successful treatment of lung cancer patients with crizotinib depends on the accurate diagnosis of anaplastic lymphoma receptor tyrosine kinase (ALK) gene rearrangements. The approved fluorescence in-situ hybridization test is complex and difficult to use in daily diagnostic practice. Immunohistochemical assays-rapid and perfectly adapted for(More)
PURPOSE We started a phase II trial of induction chemotherapy and concurrent hyperfractionated chemoradiotherapy followed by either surgery or boost chemoradiotherapy in patients with advanced, stage III disease. The purpose is to achieve better survival in the surgery group with minimum morbidity and mortality. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients treated from(More)
Diffuse idiopathic pulmonary neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia (DIPNECH) is a rare clinical pathological syndrome. There have been only 49 cases of DIPNECH reported in the literature so far. We report a case of a 69-year-old nonsmoking man with a 7-year follow-up. The initial CT scan from December 2003 showed persistent nonspecific bilateral reticulonodular(More)
The applicability and interpretation of inert tracer gas washout tests is hampered by the lack of feasible protocols and reproducibility data. We assessed feasibility, variability and reproducibility of a new easy to perform double tracer gas (DTG) single-breath washout (SBW) test and compared this with conventional nitrogen washouts. In 40 healthy(More)
Previous studies suggest that lung function tests using monodisperse aerosols can help to identify early stages of lung diseases. We investigated intrapulmonary particle loss and aerosol bolus dispersion-a marker of convective gas transport-in 32 women with asymptomatic nonspecific bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) compared with 60 women without BHR.(More)
Mukoviszidose (zystische Fibrose, CF) ist eine der häufigsten autosomal-rezessiv vererbten Erkrankungen der kaukasischen Bevölkerung. Der genetische Defekt im CFTR-Gen führt zu einer Verringerung des Chloridionentransports an der Zellmembran. Die resultierende Dehydrierung des epithelialen Flüssigkeitsfilms bedingt ihrerseits eine Reduktion der(More)
BACKGROUND The potential of autofluorescence bronchoscopy (AFB) to detect precancerous lesions in the central airways and its role in lung cancer screening is uncertain. A study was undertaken to evaluate the prevalence of moderate/severe dysplasia (dysplasia II-III) and carcinoma in situ (CIS) using a newly developed AFB system in comparison with(More)
The objective of this preliminary uncontrolled study was twofold: First, to assess the feasibility of retinyl palmitate inhalation and second, to analyze the changes of metaplastic lesions of the respiratory epithelium (metaplasia or dysplasia) following retinyl palmitate inhalation. The response to a daily dose of 18.000 I.U. retinyl palmitate by(More)