Martin J. Field

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New protein parameters are reported for the all-atom empirical energy function in the CHARMM program. The parameter evaluation was based on a self-consistent approach designed to achieve a balance between the internal (bonding) and interaction (nonbonding) terms of the force field and among the solvent-solvent, solvent-solute, and solute-solute(More)
Photoactivatable fluorescent proteins (FPs) are powerful fluorescent highlighters in live cell imaging and offer perspectives for optical nanoscopy and the development of biophotonic devices. Two types of photoactivation are currently being distinguished, reversible photoswitching between fluorescent and nonfluorescent forms and irreversible(More)
The 2.54 A resolution structure of Ni-Fe hydrogenase has revealed the existence of hydrophobic channels connecting the molecular surface to the active site. A crystallographic analysis of xenon binding together with molecular dynamics simulations of xenon and H2 diffusion in the enzyme interior suggest that these channels serve as pathways for gas access to(More)
We present a new approach for determining dynamical domains in large proteins, either based on a comparison of different experimental structures, or on a simplified normal mode calculation for a single conformation. In a first step, a deformation measure is evaluated for all residues in the protein; a high deformation indicates highly flexible interdomain(More)
Aspartate transcarbamylase (ATCase) initiates the pyrimidine biosynthetic pathway in Escherichia coli. Binding of aspartate to this allosteric enzyme induces a cooperative transition between the tensed (T) and relaxed (R) states of the enzyme which involves large quaternary and tertiary rearrangements. The mechanisms of the transmission of the regulatory(More)
The fluorescent protein KillerRed generates reactive oxygen species through the CALI effect. This property paves the way for the design of genetically encoded photosensitizers for use in cell killing and cancer photodynamic therapy. In this article, we have investigated the diffusion pathways of di-oxygen and the superoxide radical in KillerRed, using(More)
Aspartate transcarbamylase (ATCase) is an important control enzyme in the pyrimidine biosynthetic pathway in Escherichia coli. It is a classic example of an allosteric protein and has been extensively studied biochemically, kinetically and structurally. As yet, however, a detailed model for the cooperative transition between the tensed (T) and relaxed (R)(More)
Human serum transferrin tightly binds ferric ions in the blood stream but is able to release them in cells by a process involving receptor-mediated endocytosis and decrease in pH. Iron binding and release are accompanied by a large conformation change. In this study, we investigate theoretically the open and closed forms of the N-lobe human serum(More)
Enhanced cyan fluorescent protein (ECFP) and its variant Cerulean are genetically encoded fluorophores widely used as donors in FRET-based cell imaging experiments. First, we have confirmed through denaturation experiments that the double-peak spectroscopic signature of these fluorescent proteins originates from the indole ring of the chromophore. Then, to(More)
A theoretical approach designed for chemical reactions in the condensed phase is used to determine the energy along the reaction path of the enzyme triosephosphate isomerase. The calculations address the role of the enzyme in lowering the barrier to reaction and provide a decomposition into specific residue contributions. The results suggest that, although(More)