Martin J F Lavigne

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BACKGROUND Although numerous methods of postoperative analgesia have been investigated in an attempt to improve pain control after total knee arthroplasty, parenteral narcotics still play a major role in postoperative pain management. Local anesthetics have the advantage of blocking pain conduction at its origin and minimizing the systemic side effects(More)
The exact pathomechanism responsible for osteoarthritis (OA) of the nondysplastic hip has remained unknown for many years. There is, however, emerging clinical evidence implicating femoroacetabular impingement as an etiologic factor for having early OA of the hip develop. Femoroacetabular impingement is an abutment conflict occurring between the proximal(More)
We have compared the biomechanical nature of the reconstruction of the hip in conventional total hip arthroplasty (THA) and surface replacement arthroplasty (SRA) in a randomised study involving 120 patients undergoing unilateral primary hip replacement. The contralateral hip was used as a control. Post-operatively, the femoral offset was significantly(More)
BACKGROUND Metal-on-metal bearings, as used in total hip arthroplasty prostheses that have a large-diameter femoral head, were proposed as an option for treating young and active patients with degenerative hip disorders. Despite the theoretical improved performance of large metal articulations with regard to wear, metal ion levels produced by total hip(More)
We have updated our previous randomised controlled trial comparing release of chromium (Cr) and cobalt (Co) ions and included levels of titanium (Ti) ions. We have compared the findings from 28 mm metal-on-metal total hip replacement, performed using titanium CLS/Spotorno femoral components and titanium AlloFit acetabular components with Metasul bearings,(More)
With a randomized clinical trial, we compared the incidence and severity of heterotopic ossification in cohorts of patients who have undergone either surface replacement arthroplasty or total hip arthroplasty at a minimum follow-up of 1 year. Surface replacement arthroplasty group had a significantly higher rate of severe heterotopic ossification (Brooker(More)
BACKGROUND The postoperative analgesic potential of periarticular anesthetic infiltration (PAI) after TKA is unclear as are the complications of continuous femoral nerve block on quadriceps function. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES We asked (1) whether PAI provides equal or improved postoperative pain control in comparison to a femoral nerve block in patients who have(More)
We evaluated the concentrations of chromium and cobalt ions in blood after metal-on-metal surface replacement arthroplasty using a wrought-forged, high carbon content chromium-cobalt alloy implant in 64 patients. At one year, mean whole blood ion levels were 1.61 microg/L (0.4 to 5.5) for chromium and 0.67 microg/L (0.23 to 2.09) for cobalt. The(More)
Precise knowledge of femoral head vascular anatomy is mandatory for the safe execution of intracapsular surgical procedures aimed at preserving the hip joint. No quantitative topographic data exist concerning the exact location and distribution of the entrance of these vessels through nutrient vascular foramina at the femoral head and neck junction. This(More)
Preoperative and postoperative ion concentrations were measured in 29 metal-on-metal, large-diameter head total hip arthroplasty (LDH-THA) patients. Mean chromium, cobalt (Co), and titanium levels from LDH-THA were 1.3, 2.2, and 2.7 μg/L at 12 months. The open femoral head design showed significantly higher Co concentrations than the closed design (3.0 vs(More)