Martin J. Croucher

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The anticonvulsant effects of intracerebral administration of the highly potent group II metabotropic glutamate receptor agonist, DCG-IV, were tested in fully kindled rats following daily electrical stimulation of the basolateral amygdala. The agonist caused a dose-dependent increase in the generalized seizure threshold (GST) of these seizure susceptible(More)
The effects of intracerebral administration of the group II metabotropic glutamate receptor agonist, 2R,4R-APDC, were tested on both the development of amygdaloid kindling and on fully developed stage 5 amygdala kindled seizures. The development of amygdaloid kindling was significantly retarded in 2R,4R-APDC (10 nmol in 0.5 microl) treated animals compared(More)
The protective effect of amygdaloid (focally administered) doses of the presynaptic metabotropic glutamate receptor agonist, L-2-amino-4-phosphonobutyrate (L-AP4) was tested on the development of electrical kindling and in fully kindled animals. L-AP4 inhibited epileptogenesis at 10 nmol in 0.5 microl buffer, by preventing the increase in both seizure score(More)
Evidence suggests that increased glutamatergic input to the substantia nigra pars compacta as a result of hyperactivity of subthalalmic nucleus output pathways may contribute to the progressive degeneration of nigral dopaminergic neurones in Parkinson's disease (PD), a debilitating neurodegenerative disorder which affects approximately 1% of people aged(More)
We have previously demonstrated that neuronal release of the excitatory amino acid glutamate is facilitated by the selective activation of presynaptic Group I metabotropic autoreceptors. Here we report the release inhibiting actions of the novel mGlu(5) receptor-selective antagonist, 2-methyl-6-(phenylethynyl)-pyridine (MPEP), both in vitro and in vivo.(More)
Compounds that antagonize neuronal excitation induced by dicarboxylic amino acids were tested in two animal models of epilepsy, namely sound-induced seizures in DBA/2 mice and threshold pentylenetetrazol seizures in Swiss mice. Sound-induced seizures could be prevented by intracerebroventricular injection of compounds that block excitation due to(More)
The tissue content and the interstitial fluid levels of glutamate, aspartate, GABA, glutamine, glycine, and serine were studied in amygdaloid-kindled rat brain. Interstitial levels were studied in vivo before and during stage 5 full limbic seizures using microdialysis. Slices of amygdala from kindled and sham-operated animals were used to study baseline and(More)
2-Amino-6-trifluoromethoxy benzothiazole (PK 26124) prevented convulsions induced in rodents by maximal electroshock, inhibitors of the synthesis of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and ouabain, but was inactive against seizures provoked by GABA antagonists, unlike diazepam, chlordiazepoxide, phenobarbital and valproic acid. 2-Amino-6-trifluoromethoxy(More)
The existence of presynaptic alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionate (AMPA)-type glutamate autoreceptors on glutamate nerve terminals in vitro has recently been demonstrated using synaptosomal and brain slice preparations. In the present study we have used a modification of a rapid dual-label intracerebral microdialysis method, previously(More)
Increasing evidence implicates glutamate-mediated excitotoxicity as a contributory factor in dopaminergic cell death in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) in Parkinson's disease (PD). Previous studies have suggested that metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) ligands are neuroprotective against excitotoxicity in vitro. In the present study, the(More)