Martin J. Bourgeois

Learn More
OBJECTIVE To report the results of a survey of 490 parents of children with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) regarding the children's mastery of 38 diabetes-care skills. Parental responses are contrasted with those of a previous survey in which 229 diabetes professionals estimated ages at which typical children with IDDM master the same skills. (More)
The self-organization of college students' alcohol-related attitudes and their beliefs about other students' attitudes were assessed within a campus housing complex. Pluralistic ignorance was widespread, in that, compared with their own self-ratings, students rated their friends and the "typical" student as being more in favor of alcohol and more lax in the(More)
The parent version of the Diabetes Independence Survey measures parents' perceptions of their children's mastery of 38 diabetes self-care skills. The instrument was administered to 648 parents of 622 children with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, ages 3 and 18 years, at seven different pediatric medical centers. Data confirming the internal consistency,(More)
One hundred twenty mock jurors heard 1 of several versions of a civil trial. The tort trial was either high or low in information load and contained evidence that either clearly favored the plaintiffs or was ambiguous. Expert witnesses testified in either technical or less technical language. Verdicts favored the plaintiffs when the evidence was clear and(More)
Social psychology theories may be useful in developing new interventions to reduce prejudice against lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) college students. For this preliminary study, the authors surveyed 109 college dormitory residents to determine their personal comfort with LGB students and their perceptions of other students' comfort with these individuals.(More)
In a simulated products liability trial, we tested the effects of bifurcating decisions regarding compensatory and punitive damage awards. Fifty-nine groups of 5-7 jurors heard evidence in a unitary or bifurcated format, deliberated about the case to a unanimous decision, and awarded damages. Trial bifurcation decreased variability in compensatory damage(More)
Forty-eight jury-eligible adults heard 1 of 4 versions of a tort trial. The design combined high and moderate levels of evidence technicality and the placement of substantive judicial instructions either before or after evidence presentation. Jurors given instructions before hearing the evidence for liability and before the evidence for compensation made(More)