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CCK type 1 (CCK1) receptor antagonists differing in blood-brain barrier permeability were used to test the hypothesis that satiety is mediated in part by CCK action at CCK1 receptors on vagal sensory nerves innervating the small intestine. Devazepide penetrates the blood-brain barrier; A-70104, the dicyclohexylammonium salt of N(More)
Type A cholecystokinin receptor (CCKAR) antagonists differing in blood-brain barrier permeability were used to test the hypothesis that satiety is mediated, in part, by CCK action at CCKARs located peripheral to the blood-brain barrier. At dark onset, non-food-deprived rats received a bolus injection of devazepide (2.5 micromol/kg iv), a 3-h infusion of(More)
Type A cholecystokinin receptor (CCKAR) antagonists differing in blood-brain barrier permeability were used to test the hypothesis that duodenal delivery of protein, carbohydrate, and fat produces satiety in part by an essential CCK action at CCKARs located peripheral to the blood-brain barrier. Fasted rats with open gastric fistulas received devazepide (1(More)
Type A CCK receptor (CCKAR) antagonists differing in blood-brain barrier permeability [devazepide penetrates; the dicyclohexylammonium salt of Nalpha-3-quinolinoyl-d-Glu-N,N-dipentylamide (A-70104) does not] were used to test the hypothesis that duodenal nutrient-induced inhibition of gastric emptying is mediated by CCKARs located peripheral to the(More)
The blood-brain barrier permeabilities of the type-A cholecystokinin receptor antagonists devazepide and A-65186 (Nalpha-3-quinolinoyl-D-Glu-N,N-dipentylamide) have been compared with those of the reference compounds iodoantipyrine, which readily penetrates the blood-brain barrier, and mannitol, which does not. Anaesthetized rats received a bolus injection(More)
Human alpha-calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) is a 37-residue neuropeptide that produces a variety of cardiovascular and other effects via activation of specific CGRP receptors that produce cAMP. Functional CGRP receptors are a heterodimeric complex composed of the heptahelical calcitonin receptor-like receptor and the single transmembrane receptor(More)
Seventeen novel analogues of human calcitonin gene-related peptide(8-37) (hCGRP(8-37)) were synthesized by solid-phase methods and purified to apparent homogeneity by semipreparative cation exchange and/or reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. The C-terminal Phe was replaced by Gly, cyclohexylalanine (Cha), Tyr, all four isomers of(More)
Synthesis of the first irreversible calcitonin gene-related peptide receptor antagonists is described. bis-(2-chloroethyl)amino and fluorosulphonyl groups were incorporated into the 4-position of the N-terminal benzoyl group of a potent competitive antagonist, N-alpha-benzoyl-h-alpha-CGRP(8-37) (analogues 4 and 6). Based on previous structure-activity(More)
The success of solid-phase peptide synthesis is often dependent upon solvation of the resin and the growing resin-bound peptide chain. We investigated the relationship between solvent properties and solvation of the resin and peptide-resin in order to obtain satisfactory coupling yields for the rapid solid-phase peptide synthesis, using(More)