Martin Hofmann

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The RIKEN Mouse Gene Encyclopaedia Project, a systematic approach to determining the full coding potential of the mouse genome, involves collection and sequencing of full-length complementary DNAs and physical mapping of the corresponding genes to the mouse genome. We organized an international functional annotation meeting (FANTOM) to annotate the first(More)
A novel bluetongue virus (BTV) termed Toggenburg orbivirus (TOV) was detected in goats from Switzerland by using real-time reverse transcription-PCR. cDNA corresponding to the complete sequence of 7 of 10 double-stranded RNA segments of the viral genome was amplified by PCR and cloned into a plasmid vector. Five clones for each genome segment were sequenced(More)
Receptor for AGE (RAGE) is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily that engages distinct classes of ligands. The biology of RAGE is driven by the settings in which these ligands accumulate, such as diabetes, inflammation, neurodegenerative disorders and tumors. In this review, we discuss the context of each of these classes of ligands, including advance(More)
The complete nucleotide sequence of the genome of classical swine fever virus (CSFV) strain Alfort/187 was determined from three cDNA libraries constructed by cloning of DNA fragments obtained from independent sets of reverse transcription and PCR. The cDNA fragments were then assembled and inserted downstream of a T7 promoter in a P15A-derived plasmid(More)
Since two different types of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV), the European (EU) and the North American (US) strain, occur or coexist in European swine herds, their rapid and reliable detection and differentiation is essential for disease surveillance. A quantitative TaqMan reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)(More)
Viruses have evolved a multitude of strategies to subvert the innate immune system by interfering with components of the alpha/beta interferon (IFN-alpha/beta) induction and signaling pathway. It is well established that the pestiviruses prevent IFN-alpha/beta induction in their primary target cells, such as epitheloidal and endothelial cells, macrophages,(More)
Here we show, for the first time, evidence of the primary molecular structures in humic substances (HS), the most abundant naturally occurring organic molecules on Earth, and their associations as mixtures in terrestrial systems. Multi-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) experiments show us that the major molecular structural components in the(More)
Since 2006 bluetongue disease is rapidly spreading across Europe and reached Switzerland in October 2007. In the present article a short overview about the disease and the virus is given, and the first three clinical bluetongue disease cases in cattle, and the respective laboratory findings are presented.
The sequence encoding the viral leader proteinase Npro was replaced by the murine ubiquitin gene in a full-length cDNA clone of the classical swine fever virus (CSFV) strain Alfort/187. The recombinant virus vA187-Ubi showed growth characteristics similar to those of the parent vA187-1 virus. At two occasions cells infected with vA187-Ubi exhibited a(More)
Classical swine fever virus (CSFV) replicates efficiently in cell lines and monocytic cells, including macrophages (MPhi), without causing a cytopathic effect or inducing interferon (IFN) secretion. In the present study, the capacity of CSFV to interfere with cellular antiviral activity was investigated. When the porcine kidney cell line SK-6 was infected(More)