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Survivors of prolonged cerebral anoxia often remain in the persistent vegetative state (PVS). In this study, long-term PVS patients were investigated by 15O-H(2)O PET to analyze their central processing of pain. The study was approved by the local Ethics Committee, the experiments were performed in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration of 2000. Seven(More)
The reliability of frontal and temporal fMRI activations for the determination of hemisphere language dominance was evaluated in comparison with intracarotid amytal testing (IAT). Twenty-two patients were studied by IAT (bilateral in 13, unilateral in 9 patients) and fMRI using a paradigm requiring semantic decisions. Global and regional (frontal and(More)
Immunoreactivity of tumor cells for glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) is usually regarded as sign of astrocytic histogenesis and/or differentiation. The present study aimed at a systematic evaluation of the significance of GFAP-containing cells in primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs) with special reference to the controversial entity of(More)
Immuno-reactivity to glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) is mainly regarded as a sign of astroglial histogenesis and/or differentiation. The presence of astrocytes in oligodendrogliomas is a well known phenomenon; in addition, GFAP-positive neoplastic oligodendrocytes have also been described but have not yet been studied systematically. Using an(More)
In 11 normal healthy human subjects an evoked potential was elicited by moving dynamic random dot stereograms. The random dots were generated by a minicomputer. An average of each of 8 EEG channels of the subjects tested was made. The maximum of the cerebral evoked potentials thus found was localized in the central and parietal region. No response earlier(More)
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE Intramedullary tumors affect a small but significant segment of patients with spinal cord tumors. Intramedullary teratomas are rare entities that are usually located in the sacrococcygeal region. Although some reports claim that diagnostic studies can exactly predict the nature of intramedullary tumors, this case report demonstrates(More)
The expression of intermediate filament (IF) proteins was studied in 71 cases of malignant human astrocytoma and in 17 cases of reactive gliosis, using immunocytochemical techniques with polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies to glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and vimentin. In all cases of astrocytoma, varying in degree of malignancy from grade I to(More)
This article provides a selective overview of the functional neuroimaging literature with an emphasis on emotional activation processes. Emotions are fast and flexible response systems that provide basic tendencies for adaptive action. From the range of involved component functions, we first discuss selected automatic mechanisms that control basic(More)
INTRODUCTION The growing mastery of motor tasks is one of the most visible changes in the developing child. The cortex is known to play a central role in learning, planning, and performance of motor tasks. We investigated the age dependency of motor cortex activation using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). METHODS Thirty-two right-handed(More)
Administration of progesterone produces sleep EEG patterns that resemble those of agonistic modulators at the GABAA receptor. Previous studies evaluating the effects of an oral progesterone administration on attention performance in females pointed to putative sedative effects of progesterone at high dosages. However, no data are available whether(More)