Martin Hagve

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AIMS Myocardial fatty acid (FA) oxidation is regulated acutely by the FA supply and chronically at the transcriptional level owing to FA activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPARalpha). However, in vivo administration of PPARalpha ligands has not been shown to increase cardiac FA oxidation. In this study we have examined the(More)
AIM To investigate mechanisms behind heptanol (Hp)-induced infarct size reduction and in particular if protection by pre-treatment with Hp is triggered through mitochondrial mechanisms. METHODS Langendorff perfused rat hearts, isolated mitochondria and isolated myocytes were used. Infarct size, mitochondrial respiration, time to mitochondrial permeability(More)
AIMS although exercise training induces hypertrophy with improved contractile function, the effect of exercise on myocardial substrate metabolism and cardiac efficiency is less clear. High intensity training has been shown to produce more profound effects on cardiovascular function and aerobic capacity than isocaloric low and moderate intensity training.(More)
Tetradecylthioacetic acid (TTA) is a novel peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) ligand with marked hypolipidemic and insulin-sensitizing effects in obese models. TTA has recently been shown to attenuate dyslipidemia in patients with type 2 diabetes, corroborating the potential for TTA in antidiabetic therapy. In a recent study on normal mice,(More)
The mechanisms contributing to multiorgan dysfunction during cardiogenic shock are poorly understood. Our goal was to characterize the microcirculatory and mitochondrial responses following ≥ 10 hours of severe left ventricular failure and cardiogenic shock. We employed a closed-chest porcine model of cardiogenic shock induced by left coronary(More)
BACKGROUND Self-monitoring of blood glucose is a cornerstone of diabetes management. The aim of this study was to evaluate the analytical quality and the ease of use of the Accu-Chek Mobile, a new glucose monitoring system designed for capillary blood testing by diabetic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS The performance of the Accu-Chek Mobile was evaluated(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Preoperative oral carbohydrate (CHO) treatment is known to reduce postoperative insulin resistance, but the necessity of a preoperative evening dose is uncertain. We investigated the effect of single-dose CHO treatment two hours before surgery on postoperative insulin sensitivity. METHODS Thirty two pigs (∼ 30 kg) were randomized to 4(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS We hypothesized that the so far poorly understood improvement in postoperative insulin sensitivity, when surgery is preceded by a carbohydrate (CHO) drink, occurs via attenuation of skeletal muscle inflammatory responses to surgery, improved insulin signaling and attenuated expression of muscle pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase (PDK) 4. (More)
The present study aimed to establish hyperinsulinemic euglycemic step clamping with tracer glucose infusion and labeled glucose infusate (step hot-GINF HEC) for assessment of acute insulin resistance in anesthetized pigs and to arrange for combination with invasive investigative methods. Tracer enrichment was measured during D-[6,6-(2)H(2)]glucose infusion(More)
Development of acute insulin resistance represents a negative factor after surgery, but the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. We investigated the postoperative changes in insulin sensitivity, mitochondrial function, enzyme activities, and release of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in skeletal muscle and liver in pigs on the 2nd postoperative day(More)