Martin H Rhiel

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Nutrient utilization and byproduct accumulation were monitored in Spodoptera frugiperda Sf-9 and Trichoplusia ni BTI-Tn-5B1-4 (High Five) cell lines during growth and following viral infection in suspension cultures in order to develop a better understanding of cell metabolism and to acquire information relevant to large scale fed-batch bioreactors. The(More)
Glucose and lactate profiles in Chinese hamster ovary cell cultures were accurately monitored in real time and in situ during three bioreactor batch cultures lasting 11,15, and 15 days performed within a 60-day period. Monitoring was accomplished using in situ-collected mid-infrared spectra analyzed with a priori one-time established partial least-squares(More)
One of the major aims of bioprocess engineering is the real-time monitoring of important process variables. This is the basis of precise process control and is essential for high productivity as well as the exact documentation of the overall production process. Infrared spectroscopy is a powerful analytical technique to analyze a wide variety of organic(More)
The effect of the presence of metabolism-induced concentration correlations in the calibration samples on the prediction performance of partial least-squares regression (PLSR) models and mid-infrared spectra from Chinese hamster ovary cell cultures was investigated. Samples collected from batch cultures contained highly correlated metabolite concentrations(More)
Fusarium head blight (FHB) is a highly destructive disease of wheat and other cereals which causes serious mycotoxin contaminations of grain. A number of molecular mapping studies led to the detection of QTL with small to moderate effects on FHB resistance in European winter wheat. Genes involved in the defence reaction of these genotypes remain largely(More)
Since the yeast Phaffia rhodozyma was first described some 35 years ago, there has been significant interest in the development of commercial processes to exploit its ability to produce carotenoids (approximately 80% astaxanthin). However, the optimal conditions for carotenoid production are not well understood. A key limitation has been the lack of an(More)
An in-situ, mid-infrared sensor was used to monitor the major analyte concentrations involved in the cultivation of Gluconacetobacter xylinus and the production of gluconacetan, a food-grade exopolysaccharide. To predict the analyte concentrations, three different sets of standard spectra were used to develop calibration models, applying partial(More)
PC-3 human prostate cancer cells have been cultivated in a rotating wall vessel in which glucose, lactate, and glutamine profiles were monitored noninvasively and in real time by near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy. The calibration models were based on off-line spectra from tissue culture experiments described previously (Rhiel et al., Biotechnol Bioeng(More)
The objective of this study was to develop a Scale-Down Model of a hydrodynamic stress present in large scale production bioreactors to investigate the performance of CHO cells under simulated production bioreactor conditions. Various levels of hydrodynamic stress were generated in 2L bioreactors mimicking those present in different locations of a large(More)
An adaptive calibration procedure is used to build selective multivariate calibration models for the measurement of glucose, lactate, glutamine, and ammonia in undiluted serum-based cell culture media. This adaptive procedure removes metabolism-induced covariance between these analytes in a series of calibration samples collected during the cultivation of(More)