Martin H. McCullagh

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This Centennial Feature Article provides an overview of research in the general area of self-assembly modeling, with particular emphasis on the self-assembly of molecules into soft nanoscale structures where the driving force for assembly is provided by nonbonded interactions (hydrogen bonds and electrostatics). The models have been developed at many(More)
Coarse-grained (CG) models provide a computationally efficient means to study biomolecular and other soft matter processes involving large numbers of atoms correlated over distance scales of many covalent bond lengths and long time scales. Variational methods based on information from simulations of finer-grained (e.g., all-atom) models, for example the(More)
Hydrogenase enzymes are natural biocatalysts that might be harnessed to reduce the cost of hydrogen gas production. [FeFe]-hydrogenases are the most effective of three such enzymes at catalyzing H(+) reduction. In this study, we develop and apply a novel combination of all-atom molecular dynamics and coarse-grained (CG) analysis to characterize two(More)
The paper presents quantum yield results for the [2+2] and 6-4 photodimerization of TT steps in several DNA structures, including hairpins where the context dependence of the photodimerization yield is determined, and it develops a theoretical model that correctly describes the trends in dimerization yield with DNA structure. The DNA conjugates considered(More)
Quantum yields for thymine photodimerization (Φ(TT)) have been determined for a series of short DNA single-strand and base-paired hairpin structures possessing a single thymine-thymine step with flanking purines. Values of Φ(TT) are strongly dependent upon the oxidation potential of the flanking purine, decreasing in the order: inosine > adenine > guanine >(More)
Actin performs its myriad cellular functions by the growth and disassembly of its filamentous form. The hydrolysis of ATP in the actin filament has been shown to modulate properties of the filament, thus making it a pivotal regulator of the actin life cycle. Actin has evolved to selectively hydrolyze ATP in the filamentous form, F-actin, with an(More)
An azobenzene-capped DNA hairpin coupled to an AFM is presented as an optically triggered single-molecule motor. The photoinduced trans to cis isomerization of azobenzene affects both the overall length of the molecule and the ability of the DNA bases to hybridize. Using a combination of molecular dynamics simulations and free energy calculations the(More)
Formins catalyze nucleation and growth of actin filaments. Here, we study the structure and interactions of actin with the FH2 domain of budding yeast formin Bni1p. We built an all-atom model of the formin dimer on an Oda actin filament 7-mer and studied structural relaxation and interprotein interactions by molecular dynamics simulations. These simulations(More)
The photochemical reactions of eleven synthetic DNA hairpins possessing a single TT step either in a base-paired stem or in a hexanucleotide linker have been investigated. The major reaction products have been identified as the cis-syn (2 + 2) adduct and the (6 - 4) adduct on the basis of their spectroscopic properties including 1D and 2D NMR spectra, UV(More)
The results of an integrated experimental and theoretical study of thymine-thymine photodimerization in short single-strand and duplex DNA structures possessing a single locked nucleic acid TT step are reported. Control of ground-state conformation by the locked nucleic acids results in a marked increase in both the quantum yield and the selectivity of(More)