Martin H. Müser

Learn More
A microscopic theory for the ubiquitous phenomenon of static friction is presented. Interactions between two surfaces are modeled by an energy penalty that increases exponentially with the degree of surface overlap. The resulting static friction is proportional to load, in accordance with Amontons's laws. However, the friction coefficient between bare(More)
Using a theoretical approach and computer simulations, we calculate the normal stiffness K(perpendicular) and the transverse stiffness K(parallel) of the interface between two contacting isotropic solids with randomly rough surfaces and Poisson ratio ν. The theoretical predictions for K(perpendicular) agree well with the simulations. Moreover, the(More)
Assigning effective atomic charges that properly reproduce the electrostatic fields of molecules is a crucial step in the construction of accurate interatomic potentials. We propose a new approach to calculate these charges, which as previous approaches are, is based on the idea of charge equilibration. However, we only allow charge to flow between(More)
Friction is a well-known, but poorly understood, phenomenon that affects virtually all aspects of daily life. In some cases, friction is desirable, e.g., high friction in clutches leads to the effective transmission of forces between an automobile’s engine and its wheels, while in other cases friction is a significant drawback, e.g., friction between the(More)
Polymer brushes lead to small friction and wear and thus hold great potential for industrial applications. However, interdigitation of opposing brushes makes them prone to damage. Here we report molecular dynamics simulations revealing that immiscible brush systems can form slick interfaces, in which interdigitation is eliminated and dissipation strongly(More)
The total elastic stiffness of two contacting bodies with a microscopically rough interface has an interfacial contribution K that is entirely attributable to surface roughness. A quantitative understanding of K is important because it can dominate the total mechanical response and because it is proportional to the interfacial contributions to electrical(More)
Wear limits the life-span of many mechanical devices with moving parts. To reduce wear, lubricants are frequently enriched with additives, such as zinc phosphates, that form protective films on rubbing surfaces. Using first-principles molecular dynamics simulations of films derived from commercial additives, we unraveled the molecular origin of how antiwear(More)
I. Preliminary Remarks A. Introduction B. Some Fundamental Definitions and Questions C. Basic Scenarios for Friction D. Phenomenology of Static and Low-Velocity Kinetic Friction II. Rigid Walls A. Geometric Interlocking B. Thermal Effects C. Applications 1. Nanotubes 2. Curved, Nanoscale Contacts III. Dry, Elastic Friction A. Properties of the(More)
A recently suggested mechanism for the stress memory of various metal phosphates is investigated experimentally. Based on first-principles simulations [N. J. Mosey et al., Science 307, 1612 (2005)], it had been argued that atoms with flexible coordination, such as zinc or heavy-metal cations, act as network-forming agents, undergoing irreversible(More)
A statistical field theory is formulated, which allows one to calculate the pressure distribution Pr(p) in a contact formed by an elastic body and a rigid counter face of arbitrary topography. It is a cumulant expansion, which contains Persson's contact mechanics theory as the leading-order term. Our approach provides a framework with which corrections can(More)