Martin H. Hofker

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We have found by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis that the human immunoglobulin heavy chain constant region gene complex maps entirely to a 350-kilobase (kb) Mlu I fragment. The enzyme Eag I was used with pulsed-field gel electrophoresis alone and in double digests with Spe I to map the region. C gamma 3, of the C gamma 3-C gamma 1-C psi epsilon 1-C alpha 1(More)
The mutation underlying myotonic dystrophy (DM) has been identified as an expansion of a polymorphic CTG–repeat in a gene encoding protein kinase activity. Brain and heart transcripts of the DM–kinase (DMR–B15) gene are subject to alternative RNA splicing in both human and mouse. The unstable [CTG]5–30 motif is found uniquely in humans, although the(More)
An insertional translocation into the proximal long arm of the X chromosome in a boy showing muscular hypotony, growth retardation, psychomotor retardation, cryptorchidism, and Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease (PMD) was identified as a duplication of the Xq21–q22 segment by employing DNA probes. With densitometric scanning for quantitation of hybridization(More)
Common variable immunodeficiency, a disorder characterized by diminished antibody production, manifests clinically as an increased susceptibility to bacterial infections. We have investigated the Ig H chain V and C region gene segments in 33 patients with common variable immunodeficiency, to identify the possible role these genes may have in the molecular(More)
We have isolated 23 human X chromosome-specific DNA fragments from λ libraries, prepared from flow-sorted X chromosomes. To increase diagnostic potential for X-linked genetic disorders, including Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), the fragments were tested for restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) with six restriction enzymes. All fragments were(More)
Two dimensional DNA electrophoresis (2D-DE) was used to map the variable (VH) region of the human heavy chain immunoglobulin gene cluster. Seventy-six VH gene segments were mapped to specific SfiI, BssHI and NotI fragments by 2D-DE. We have determined that a common insertion/deletion polymorphism of 80 kb, involving three VH gene segments, occurs in the VH(More)
The most common deficiency allele of the plasma protease inhibitor alpha 1-antitrypsin (alpha 1AT) is PI*Z. Some rare deficiency alleles of alpha 1AT produce low but detectable amounts of plasma alpha 1AT (1-20% of normal), which can be differentiated by isoelectric focusing. Others, designated null (QO) alleles, produce no alpha 1AT detectable by routine(More)
The genetic linkage map of chromosome 14q32 contains 11 loci which span a distance of more than 60 cM. We have assigned 10 of these loci and the AKT1 proto-oncogene to segments of 14q32, using breakpoints derived from four independent chromosomal deletions or rearrangements. The most telomeric breakpoint was found in a proband (HSC 6) carrying a ring-14(More)
A deficiency of the plasma protease inhibitor alpha 1-antitrypsin (alpha 1AT) is usually a consequence of the PI*Z allele. Mmalton is another deficiency allele which, like Z alpha 1AT, is associated with hepatocyte inclusions and impaired secretion. We report here the sequence of the PI Mmalton allele, which contains a 3-bp deletion coding for one of two(More)
Antibody genes are assembled from a series of germ-line gene segments that are juxtaposed during the maturation of B lymphocytes. Although diversification of the adult antibody repertoire results in large part from the combinatorial joining of these gene segments, a restricted set of antibody heavy chain variable (VH), diversity (DH), and joining (JH)(More)