Martin Grosell

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Despite early reports, dating back three quarters of a century, of high total CO(2) concentrations in the intestinal fluids of marine teleost fishes, only the past decade has provided some insight into the functional significance of this phenomenon. It is now being recognized that intestinal anion exchange is responsible for high luminal HCO(3)(-) and(More)
Intestinal fluids of most marine teleosts are alkaline (pH 8.4-9.0) and contain high levels of HCO(3)(-) equivalents (40-130 mM) which are excreted at a significant rate (>100 microEq kg(-1) h(-1)). Recent research reveals the following about this substantial HCO(3)(-) secretion: (1) It is not involved in acid-base regulation or neutralisation of stomach(More)
Experiments performed on isolated intestinal segments from the marine teleost fish, the European flounder (Platichthys flesus), revealed that the intestinal epithelium is capable of secondary active HCO3(-) secretion in the order of 0.2-0.3 micromol x cm(-2) x h(-1) against apparent electrochemical gradient. The HCO3(-) secretion occurs via anion exchange,(More)
The gulf toadfish (Opsanus beta) intestine secretes base mainly in the form of HCO3- via apical anion exchange to serve Cl- and water absorption for osmoregulatory purposes. Luminal HCO3- secretion rates measured by pH-stat techniques in Ussing chambers rely on oxidative energy metabolism and are highly temperature sensitive. At 25 degrees C under in(More)
Most fish studied to date efficiently compensate for a hypercapnic acid-base disturbance; however, many recent studies examining the effects of ocean acidification on fish have documented impacts at CO2 levels predicted to occur before the end of this century. Notable impacts on neurosensory and behavioral endpoints, otolith growth, mitochondrial function,(More)
While the zebrafish is commonly used for studies of developmental biology and toxicology, very little is known about their osmoregulatory physiology. The present investigation of Na(+) and Cl(-) transport revealed that the zebrafish is able to tolerate extremely low ambient ion concentrations and that this is achieved at least in part by a greatly enhanced(More)
Marine teleosts have extracellular fluids less concentrated than their environment, resulting in continual water loss, which is compensated for by drinking, with intestinal water absorption driven by NaCl uptake. Absorption of Cl(-) occurs in part by apical Cl(-)/HCO(3)(-) exchange, with HCO(3)(-) provided by transepithelial transport and/or by carbonic(More)
Abrupt transfer of rainbow trout from freshwater to 65% seawater caused transient disturbances in extracellular fluid ionic composition, but homeostasis was reestablished 48 h posttransfer. Intestinal fluid chemistry revealed early onset of drinking and slightly delayed intestinal water absorption that coincided with initiation of NaCl absorption and(More)
The present study examines the influence of Ca2+ as (CaSO4), dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and pH on chronic water-borne lead (Pb) toxicity to the larval fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas) under flow-through conditions. The 30 day LC50 for low hardness basic test water (19 mg CaCO3 L(-1)) was 39 (range: 27-51) microg dissolved Pb L(-1) and was greatly(More)