Martin Goulet

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The effects of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-induced nigrostriatal lesion and dopaminomimetic treatment on parameters of glutamatergic activity within the basal ganglia of monkeys were studied in relation with the development of dyskinesias. Drug-naive controls, saline-treated MPTP monkeys, as well as MPTP monkeys treated with either a(More)
The recent suggestion that secretin may be useful in treating autism and schizophrenia has begun to focus attention on the mechanisms underlying this gut-brain peptide's actions in the central nervous system (CNS). In vitro autoradiographic localization of (125)I-secretin binding sites in rat brain shows the highest binding density in the nucleus tractus(More)
In the present study expression levels of secretin and secretin receptor mRNAs in several brain regions of rats ranging in age from postnatal days 7 to 60 were investigated by quantitative real-time PCR. Expression of secretin and secretin receptor was detected in the central amygdala, hippocampus, area postrema, nucleus of the tractus solitary and(More)
I.v. injection of secretin activates neurons in brain areas controlling autonomic function and emotion. Peripheral administration of secretin inhibits gastric functions through a central mechanism that is mediated by vagal dependent pathways. We investigated whether the vagus nerve is involved in i.p. injection of secretin-induced brain neuronal activation(More)
Viable dopamine neurons in Parkinson's disease express the dopamine transporter (DAT) and release dopamine (DA). We postulated that potent DAT inhibitors, with low affinity for the serotonin transporter (SERT), may elevate endogenously released extracellular dopamine levels to provide therapeutic benefit. The therapeutic potential of eight DAT inhibitors(More)
Selective D(1) dopamine receptor agonists exert antiparkinsonian effects in the 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) monkey model of Parkinson's disease and in human Parkinson's disease. Motor impairment in idiopathic Parkinson's disease progresses from mild to severe, but the therapeutic potential of D(1) dopamine receptor agonists in early(More)
We used RT-PCR to clone monoamine transporters from Macaca mulatta, Macaca fasicularis and Saimiri sciureus (dopamine transporter; DAT) and Macaca mulatta (norepinephrine transporter; NET and serotonin transporter; SERT). Monkey DAT, NET and SERT proteins were >98% homologous to human and, when expressed in HEK-293 cells, displayed drug affinities and(More)
RATIONALE Previous results indicate that peripheral administration of secretin leads to robust Fos protein expression in the central nucleus of the rat amygdala. The implications of this observation on rat brain function, if any, remain unclear. OBJECTIVES We examined the effect of systemic secretin administration on the expression of fear-potentiated(More)
For the last 100 years secretin has been extensively studied for its hormonal effects on digestion. Recent observations that the deficits in social reciprocity skills seen in young (3-4-year-old) autistic children are improved after secretin infusions suggest an additional influence on neuronal activity. We show here that i.v. administration of secretin in(More)
BACKGROUND Secretin is a "gut-brain" peptide whose neural function is as yet poorly understood. Several clinical studies have reported modestly increased social interaction in autistic children following intravenous secretin administration. Very recently secretin also was administered to schizophrenic patients and found to increase social interaction in(More)