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Reduced activity of the insulin/insulin-like growth factor signaling (IIS) pathway increases life-span in diverse organisms. We investigated the timing of the effect of reduced IIS on life-span and the role of a potential target tissue, the fat body. We overexpressed dFOXO, a downstream effector of IIS, in the adult Drosophila fat body, which increased(More)
Dietary restriction (DR) increases lifespan in diverse organisms. However, the mechanisms by which DR increases survival are unclear. The insulin/IGF-like signaling (IIS) pathway has been implicated in the response to DR in some studies, while in others it has appeared to play little or no role. We used the fruitfly Drosophila melanogaster to investigate(More)
Overexpression of sirtuins (NAD(+)-dependent protein deacetylases) has been reported to increase lifespan in budding yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae), Caenorhabditis elegans and Drosophila melanogaster. Studies of the effects of genes on ageing are vulnerable to confounding effects of genetic background. Here we re-examined the reported effects of sirtuin(More)
The insulin/insulin-like growth factor-like signaling (IIS) pathway in metazoans has evolutionarily conserved roles in growth control, metabolic homeostasis, stress responses, reproduction, and lifespan. Genetic manipulations that reduce IIS in the nematode worm Caenorhabditis elegans, the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster, and the mouse have been shown not(More)
The insulin/insulin growth factor (IGF)-like signaling (IIS) pathway has a conserved role in regulating lifespan in Caenorhabditis elegans, Drosophila and mice. Extension of lifespan by reduced IIS has been shown in C. elegans to require the key IIS target, forkhead box class O (FOXO) transcription factor, DAF-16. dFOXO, the Drosophila DAF-16 orthologue, is(More)
INTRODUCTION The study of cell cycle regulation now stands on the brink of a n~_w era. Classical cytological and physiological analysis has now been augmented by the powerful tools provided by molecular genetics. The budding and fission yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Schizosaccharomyces pombe have been extensively used as model systems to study the(More)
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