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STUDY OBJECTIVES We investigated the effect of 1 week of nocturnal overdrive pacing (NOP) on the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) in patients with a chronically implanted pacemaker and diagnosed during a screening phase with sleep apnea. DESIGN Randomized, single-blind, crossover study. SETTING University medical centers in Zürich, Switzerland, and Berlin,(More)
Sleep is an active and regulated process with restorative functions for physical and mental conditions. Based on recordings of brain waves and the analysis of characteristic patterns and waveforms it is possible to distinguish wakefulness and five sleep stages. Sleep and the sleep stages modulate autonomous nervous system functions such as body temperature,(More)
Ballet dancers are competitive athletes who undergo extreme physical and mental stress and work according to an irregular schedule, with long days of training, rehearsal, and performance. Their most significant potential risks entail physical injury and altered sleep. The elaborate training requirements for ballet dancers do not allow regular(More)
Sleep recording is the quantitative method used in sleep centers in order to assess sleep disorders and to quantify pathological events occurring during sleep. Cardiorespiratory polysomnography is the method used for sleep recording. Standards for sleep recording stem back to 1968 and were compiled by Rechtschaffen and Kales with specifications for(More)
OBJECTIVES Nocturnal positive pressure ventilation (PPV) has been shown to be effective in patients with impaired left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and Cheyne-Stokes respiration (CSR). We investigated the effect of a bi-level PPV and adaptive servo ventilation on LVEF, CSR, and quantitative sleep quality. METHODS Thirty-seven patients (New York(More)
The current study investigated the night-to-night variability and diagnostic accuracy of the oxygen desaturation index (ODI), as measured by ambulatory monitoring, in the diagnosis of mild and moderate obstructive sleep apnoea-hypopnoea syndrome. To assess the variability of the ODI, 35 patients were monitored at home during 7 consecutive nights by means of(More)
To determine the short-term effects of noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation (PPV) on spontaneous baroreflex sensitivity, we acquired time series of R-R interval and beat-to-beat blood pressure in 55 healthy volunteers (mean age 46.5 +/- 10.5 yr) who performed breathing on four occasions at frequencies of 12 and 15 breaths/min without positive pressure(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with obstructive sleep apnea heart rate variability and baroreceptor sensitivity during night and daytime are impaired. Snoring without obstructive sleep apnea may already influence heart rate variability and baroreceptor sensitivity during daytime. METHODS Cardiovascular daytime testing was performed in 11 snorers and age, BMI, and(More)
This study is aimed at assessing the usefulness of different feature selection and classification methodologies in the context of sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (SAHS) detection. Feature extraction, selection and classification stages were applied to analyze blood oxygen saturation (SaO2) recordings in order to simplify polysomnography (PSG), the gold(More)
BACKGROUND The optimal approach to initiate positive-pressure therapy in patients with obstructive sleep apnea is still debated. Current options are autotitrating positive airway pressure (APAP) or manual titration with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). Procedures differ by parameters and by algorithms used for adapting pressure. OBJECTIVES To(More)