Martin Gallagher

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BACKGROUND The optimal intensity of continuous renal-replacement therapy remains unclear. We conducted a multicenter, randomized trial to compare the effect of this therapy, delivered at two different levels of intensity, on 90-day mortality among critically ill patients with acute kidney injury. METHODS We randomly assigned critically ill adults with(More)
BACKGROUND End-stage kidney disease is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Prevalence of the disease and worldwide use of renal replacement therapy (RRT) are expected to rise sharply in the next decade. We aimed to quantify estimates of this burden. METHODS We systematically searched Medline for observational studies and renal(More)
Choice of renal replacement therapy (RRT) modality may affect renal recovery after acute kidney injury (AKI). We sought to compare the rate of dialysis dependence among severe AKI survivors according to the choice of initial renal replacement therapy (RRT) modality applied [continuous (CRRT) or intermittent (IRRT)]. Systematic searches of peer-reviewed(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine associations between mean daily fluid balance during intensive care unit study enrollment and clinical outcomes in patients enrolled in the Randomized Evaluation of Normal vs. Augmented Level (RENAL) replacement therapy study. DESIGN Statistical analysis of data from multicenter, randomized, controlled trials. SETTING Thirty-five(More)
BACKGROUND Markers of kidney dysfunction such as proteinuria or albuminuria have been reported to be associated with coronary heart disease, but the consistency and strength of any such relationship has not been clearly defined. This lack of clarity has led to great uncertainty as to how proteinuria should be treated in the assessment and management of(More)
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with a high risk of cardiovascular disease, but evidence regarding the effectiveness of interventions to reduce that risk is lacking. The Perindopril Protection against Recurrent Stroke Study (PROGRESS) study enrolled 6105 participants with cerebrovascular disease and randomly allocated them to perindopril-based(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to determine the benefit and risk associated with antiplatelet therapy in the chronic kidney disease (CKD) population. BACKGROUND Cardiovascular and possibly bleeding risks are elevated in patients with CKD. The balance of benefit and harm associated with antiplatelet therapy remains uncertain. METHODS The HOT(More)
BACKGROUND Patients undergoing dialysis have a substantially increased risk of cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Although several trials have shown the cardiovascular benefits of lowering blood pressure in the general population, there is uncertainty about the efficacy and tolerability of reducing blood pressure in patients on dialysis. We did a(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) is increasing globally and it is much more common than end-stage kidney disease. AKI is associated with high mortality and cost of hospitalisation. Studies of treatments to reduce this high mortality have used differing renal replacement therapy (RRT) modalities and have not shown improvement in the(More)
OBJECTIVE To systematically review the effect of folic acid based homocysteine lowering on cardiovascular outcomes in people with kidney disease. DESIGN Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES Medline, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and to June 2011. STUDY SELECTION Randomised trials in people with non-dialysis dependent(More)