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BACKGROUND Aprepitant is a neurokinin(1) receptor antagonist that, in combination with a corticosteroid and a 5-hydroxytryptamine(3) receptor antagonist, has been shown to be very effective in the prevention of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. At doses used for the management of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, aprepitant is a moderate(More)
Fosaprepitant is an intravenous formulation of aprepitant, an oral NK1 antagonist used to prevent chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. This randomized study was designed to evaluate fosaprepitant in polysorbate 80 vehicle for tolerability and bioequivalency to aprepitant. Tolerability was assessed by physical and laboratory examinations and adverse(More)
The alphaVbeta3 integrin (vitronectin receptor) plays a pivotal role in bone resorption. We hypothesized that L-000845704, an alphaVbeta3 integrin antagonist, would potently inhibit bone resorption, thereby increasing bone mass as assessed by bone mineral density (BMD) in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis. In a multicenter, randomized, double-blind,(More)
Predicting immediate neonatal morbidity after perinatal asphyxia has been difficult. A review of asphyxiated neonates greater than or equal to 36 weeks' gestation admitted to The Children's Hospital Newborn Intensive Care Unit in 1983 was conducted to devise a scoring system that would rapidly predict organ dysfunction observed in the immediate neonatal(More)
Aprepitant is a selective neurokinin-1 receptor antagonist that is effective for the prevention of nausea and vomiting caused by highly emetogenic chemotherapy. In vitro, aprepitant is a moderate inhibitor of the CYP3A4 enzyme, which is involved in the clearance of several chemotherapeutic agents. In this study we examined the potential for aprepitant to(More)
In the accompanying paper we describe how MRK-409 unexpectedly produced sedation in man at relatively low levels of GABA(A) receptor occupancy (∼10%). Since it was not clear whether this sedation was mediated via the α2/α3 or α1 GABA(A) subtype(s), we characterized the properties of TPA023B, a high-affinity imidazotriazine which, like MRK-409, has partial(More)
The efficacy of selamectin in the treatment and prevention of naturally acquired Toxocara canis infections and experimentally induced flea (Ctenocephalides felis felis) infestations in dams and their suckling pups was evaluated by administering selamectin to the adult females only, approximately 40 and 10 days before parturition and 10 and 40 days after(More)
The use of non-selective gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) enhancers, such as benzodiazepines in the treatment of anxiety disorders is still widespread but hampered by unfavourable side effects. some of these may be associated with binding properties to certain subtypes of the GABA(A) receptor that are unnecessary for therapeutic effects. MK-0343 was designed(More)
The ovaries of 18 post-partum beef suckler cows were examined daily, using ultrasound, from Day 5 post partum until a normal oestrous cycle was completed. Periods of growth and regression of medium-sized (5-9 mm) follicles were identified before one medium follicle became dominant (single large follicle greater than or equal to 10 mm). The mean (+/- s.e.m.)(More)