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Long-term cognitive impairments are a feared consequence of therapeutic cranial irradiation in children as well as adults. Studies in animal models suggest that these deficits may be associated with a decrease in hippocampal granule cell proliferation and survival. In the present study the authors examined whether whole brain irradiation would affect trace(More)
PURPOSE To determine planning target volume margins for prostate intensity-modulated radiotherapy based on inter- and intrafraction motion using four daily localization techniques: three-point skin mark alignment, volumetric imaging with bony landmark registration, volumetric imaging with implanted fiducial marker registration, and implanted electromagnetic(More)
This study demonstrates the value of a fast fluid-attenuated inversion-recovery (FLAIR) technique in the assessment of primary intraaxial brain tumors. Twenty-one patients with primary intraaxial brain tumors were examined by T2-weighted, proton-density-weighted fast spin echo, fast FLAIR, and contrast-enhanced T1-weighted spin echo using identical slice(More)
The use of positron emission tomography (PET) using F18 labeled fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) for both oncology disease staging and radiation therapy target volume delineation has steadily increased over the last decade, and FDG-PET is today readily available in all major medical centers. The goal of anti tumor treatment, including chemotherapy and/or radiation(More)
PURPOSE To assess the impact of two multileaf collimator (MLC) systems (2.5 and 5 mm leaf widths) on three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy, intensity-modulated radiotherapy, and dynamic conformal arc techniques for stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) of liver and lung lesions. METHODS Twenty-nine SBRT plans of primary liver (n=11) and lung(More)
BACKGROUND Intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) affords unparalleled capacity to deliver conformal radiation doses to tumors in the central nervous system. However, to date, there are few reported outcomes from using IMRT, either alone or as a boost technique, for standard fractionation radiotherapy for glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). METHODS(More)
Radiation therapy is one of the most effective treatments used in the treatment of about half of all people with cancer. A critical goal in radiation therapy is to deliver optimal radiation doses to the perceived tumor while sparing the surrounding healthy tissues. Radiation oncologists often manually delineate normal and diseased structures on 3D-CT scans,(More)
We present a semi-supervised protocol for segmentation of tumors and normal anatomy for applications in Radiation Oncology. A primary goal in radiation therapy in oncology is to deliver high radiation dose to the perceived tumor while sparing the surrounding non-diseased organs. Consequently, a critical task in the workflow of radiation oncologists is the(More)
Ultrasound (US) image guidance systems used in radiotherapy are typically calibrated for soft tissue applications, thus introducing errors in depth-from-transducer representation when used in media with a different speed of sound propagation (e.g. fat). This error is commonly referred to as the speed artifact. In this study we utilized a standard US phantom(More)
Therapeutic cranial irradiation may result in debilitating cognitive impairments. In human patients these deficits are age and radiation dose-dependent and are attributed to a diminished capability to learn and memorize new tasks and information. Because of the known involvement of the hippocampus in memory consolidation, it is important to identify(More)