Martin Fusek

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For years, it has been held that cathepsin D (CD) is involved in rather non-specific protein degradation in a strongly acidic milieu of lysosomes. Studies with CD knock-out mice revealed that CD is not necessary for embryonal development, but it is indispensable for postnatal tissue homeostasis. Mutation that abolishes CD enzymatic activity causes neuronal(More)
The proform of cathepsin D is secreted by some human breast-cancer cell lines upon stimulation with oestrogen. In these cell lines, procathepsin D was described to act as an autocrine mitogen, and a correlation between the cathepsin D concentration in tumour tissues and poor prognosis for the patient was demonstrated in several independent investigations.(More)
The specificity of thermopsin, a thermostable acid protease from Sulfolobus acidocaldarius, was studied using oxidized insulin B chain as substrate followed by peptide isolation and identification. The following bonds were hydrolyzed: Leu-Val, Leu-Tyr, Phe-Phe, Phe-Tyr, and Tyr-Thr. Thus, the specificity of thermopsin is similar to that of pepsin, that is,(More)
Cathepsin D, a lysosomal aspartic proteinase, is secreted in the form of enzymatically inactive proenzyme by many types of human breast cancer tissue and exerts mitogenic activity toward these tissues. Flow cytometry was used to test the binding of procathepsin D purified from the secretion of the breast cancer cell line ZR-75-1 to human breast cancer(More)
Two crystal structures are described for the lysosomal aspartic protease cathepsin D (EC 3.4.23.5). The molecular replacement method was used with X-ray diffraction data to 3 A resolution to produce structures for human spleen cathepsin D and for bovine liver cathepsin D complexed with the 6-peptide inhibitor pepstatin A. The lysosomal targeting region of(More)
The importance of aspartic proteinases in human pathophysiology continues to initiate extensive research. With burgeoning information on their biological functions and structures, the traditional view of the role of activation peptides of aspartic proteinases solely as inhibitors of the active site is changing. These peptide segments, or pro-parts, are(More)
Bovine spleen cathepsin B contains 7 disulfide bridges. Using different chemical and enzymatic cleavage methods we isolated fragments representing the individual disulfides: Cys14-Cys43, Cys26-Cys71, Cys62-Cys128, Cys63-Cys67, Cys100-Cys132, Cys108-Cys119, and Cys148-Cys252. A similar line of approach was applied to determine the S-S bridges of bovine(More)
BACKGROUND Enzymatically inactive procathepsin D secreted from cancer cells has been confirmed to play a role in breast cancer development. We focused on prostate cancer and the role of activation peptide in mitogenic activity. METHODS Synthetic peptides and monoclonal antibodies raised against individual fragments of activation peptide were employed.(More)
We have used human procathepsin D isolated from supernatant of human breast cancer cell line ZR-75-1 to test its mitogenic activity for a broad spectrum of human-derived cell lines. These cell lines included: breast cancer cell lines ZR-75-1, MDA-MB-436, MBA-MD-483 and MDA-MB-231, B lymphoblastoid cell line Raji, the monocytoid cell line U937, T(More)
Extracellular aspartic proteinases have been implicated for some time as virulence factors associated with Candida opportunistic fungal infections. Our present knowledge of the enzymatic properties of these proteinases is rather limited. Information on their substrate specificity is important for understanding their roles in invasive Candida infections. We(More)