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The mode of action of an aromatic analogue of retinoic acid, ethyl all-trans-9-(4-methoxy-2,3,6-trimethyl-phenyl)-3,7-dimethyl-2,4,6,8-nonatetraenoate (Ro 10-9359), a compound known to possess a considerable prophylactic and therapeutic effect on skin papillomas and carcinomas, was investigated with autoradiographic and histopathologic methods. The ip(More)
The objective of the present work was to determine the dietary biotin requirements of young, rapidly growing rainbow trout according to independently measured parameters. Two experiments were conducted with a purified diet which had a basal biotin level of 0.01-0.02 mg/kg. A third study was done with a nonpurified diet with or without a supplement of 1.0 mg(More)
Color stability was investigated in longissimus lumborum (LL), semimembranosus (SM), and gluteus medius (GM) muscles from Holstein steers fed diets including doses of alpha-tocopheryl acetate that were 0 (EO), 250 (E250), 500 (E500), and 2,000 (E2000) mg.steer-1.d-1 for 42 or 126 d. Longissimus lumborum was aged for 14, 28, and 56 d and GM and SM were aged(More)
1. The effect of high concentrations of vitamin E (alpha-tocopheryl acetate) fed during various age periods on the performance and the oxidative stability (thiobarbituric acid [TBA] values) of the drumstick meat of 7-week-old broiler chicks was determined. The basal diets (for the age periods 0 to 3, 3 to 6 and 6 to 7 weeks) contained 60 g soyabean oil and(More)
A wheat-based diet produced severe biotin deficiency symptoms appearing at the age of ten to fourteen days and becoming very severe in the third and fourth week (group 1). Biotin supplementation with 50 mug/kg (group 2) reduced the symptoms almost completely, but did not restore completely growth compared to chicks receiving the diet supplemented with 300(More)
In an autoradiographic study with a 243 days' exposure time of the autoradiographs, the tissue distribution of 3H-labelled biotin was investigated. Label being always related to cytoplasma, no label was found in the nucleus in cells suitable for such an observation. High labelling was found in differentiated cells, e.g. in hepatocytes, proximal tubular(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of vitamin E supplementation on the immune system of dairy cows. DESIGN The following immune parameters were followed: production of chemotactic factors and superoxide by mammary macrophages and chemotactic responsiveness of blood neutrophils. ANIMALS 16 healthy Holstein dairy cows. PROCEDURE Dairy cows were assigned(More)
Beginning 4 wk prior to predicted calving, 14 Holstein cows per treatment were fed diets 1) unsupplemented (control) or supplemented daily with 2) 300 mg of beta-carotene, 3) 600 mg of beta-carotene, or 4) 120,000 IU of vitamin A. Blood was collected around calving on wk -4, -2, -1, 0 (within 24 h postcalving), 1, 2, and 4 for isolation of lymphocytes and(More)
An optimised indirect peroxidase-anti-peroxidase immunohistochemical technique was used to detect endogenous biotin in frozen tissue sections from biotin-supplemented and biotin-depleted pigs and chickens. A monoclonal anti-biotin antibody was used as primary antibody in this technique. Immunoreactive biotin was detected in many tissues of both species(More)
1. The qualitative composition of carotenoids in Hydra attenuata, Hydra circumcincta and Hydra fusca corresponds exactly to that of their food organisms (lake plankton and Artemia salina). The following naturally occurring carotenoids have been detected: astaxanthin in esterized form (saponized found as astacin), canthaxanthin and xanthophyll. There is no(More)