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This study was a preliminary evaluation of biofeedback training of human subjects to control high-frequency EEG responses in the 35- to 45-Hz (40-Hz) and 21- to 31-Hz ranges. A total of 22 adult males divided into three groups were successfully trained for increases or suppression of 40-Hz EEG, or increases of 21- to 31-Hz EEG. Dissociation of rates of(More)
Truly accurate dipole source localization relies on having (1) reliable, artifact-free EP/ERP (or magnetoelectroencephalogram) data to start with; (2) landmark and electrode position data obtained with a three-dimensional digitizer; (3) MRI (or CT) data from the same subject (with a means to measure the same landmarks); (4) the capability to apply different(More)
Electroencephalogram (EEG) coherence (COH) and power measures were included in a series of stepwise discriminant analyses to determine which variables were most sensitive in the differentiation of four psychiatric inpatient groups and two major classes of psychotropic medication. Eight channels of eyes-closed, bipolar EEG activity were recorded from 74(More)
EEG coherence (COH) is a mathematically derived measure of the time- and frequency-related similarities between a pair of EEG channels. In this report, COH was measured during an externally verified motor task in which the areas of cortical involvement are known, with special consideration given to procedural and artifactual issues. Fourteen right-handed(More)
Two mathematical techniques, the dipole localization method (DLM) and the cortical imaging technique (CIT), are used to analyze the resting and P300 auditory responses in young and old normal volunteers. These methods identify certain age-related features of these evoked responses that are not found by standard topographic methods. These features include(More)
Artifact in one form or another needs to be contended with in all EEG and EP studies. Various methods have been employed to avoid, eliminate, or minimize artifact. This article has described the methods that have been available for some time and newer methods and their advantages. It is the authors' hope that through the use of these methods the accuracy of(More)
Two groups of eight adults successfully trained with biofeedback for increases in 40-Hz EEG responses in left or right hemispheres also demonstrated significant 40-Hz EEG increases during baseline periods, and increases in the contralateral hemisphere during training periods. No changes in heart rate, 40-Hz EMG, or 21- or 31-Hz beta, alpha, or theta EEG(More)
The cortical imaging technique (CIT), a mathematical method for simulating the potential fields on the surface of the brain, was used to analyze the spatio-temporal progression of the AEP P300 component (as well as the preceding and subsequent N2a and N3 components) from thirty normal adult subjects recorded in a standard "oddball" paradigm. Comparisons(More)