Martin Flück

Learn More
Skeletal muscle shows an enormous plasticity to adapt to stimuli such as contractile activity (endurance exercise, electrical stimulation, denervation), loading conditions (resistance training, microgravity), substrate supply (nutritional interventions) or environmental factors (hypoxia). The presented data show that adaptive structural events occur in both(More)
Components of signaling pathways for mechanotransduction during load-induced enlargement of skeletal muscle have not been completely defined. We hypothesized that loading of skeletal muscle would result in an adaptive increase in the expression of two focal adhesion complex (FAC)-related proteins, focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and paxillin, as well as(More)
Mechanical forces are important regulators of connective tissue homeostasis. Our recent experiments in vivo indicate that externally applied mechanical load can lead to the rapid and sequential induction of distinct extracellular matrix (ECM) components in fibroblasts, rather than to a generalized hypertrophic response. Thus, ECM composition seems to be(More)
We hypothesized that specific muscular transcript level adaptations participate in the improvement of endurance performances following intermittent hypoxia training in endurance-trained subjects. Fifteen male high-level, long-distance runners integrated a modified living low-training high program comprising two weekly controlled training sessions performed(More)
This study investigates whether a 6-wk intermittent hypoxia training (IHT), designed to avoid reductions in training loads and intensities, improves the endurance performance capacity of competitive distance runners. Eighteen athletes were randomly assigned to train in normoxia [Nor group; n = 9; maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max) = 61.5 +/- 1.1 ml x kg(-1) x(More)
Biological systems have acquired effective adaptive strategies to cope with physiological challenges and to maximize biochemical processes under imposed constraints. Striated muscle tissue demonstrates a remarkable malleability and can adjust its metabolic and contractile makeup in response to alterations in functional demands. Activity-dependent muscle(More)
This investigation examined the effect of mechanical loading state on focal adhesion kinase (FAK), paxillin, and serum response factor (SRF) in rat skeletal muscle. We found that FAK concentration and tyrosine phosphorylation, paxillin concentration, and SRF concentration are all lower in the lesser load-bearing fast-twitch plantaris and gastrocnemius(More)
This review explores the current concepts relating the structural and functional modifications of skeletal muscle mitochondria to the molecular mechanisms activated when organisms are exposed to a hypoxic environment. In contrast to earlier assumptions it is now established that permanent or long-term exposure to severe environmental hypoxia decreases the(More)
We examined the involvement of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) in mechano-regulated signalling to protein synthesis by combining muscle-targeted transgenesis with a physiological model for un- and reloading of hindlimbs. Transfections of mouse tibialis anterior muscle with a FAK expression construct increased FAK protein 1.6-fold versus empty transfection in(More)
The expressional profile of mitochondrial transcripts and of genes involved in the mitochondrial biogenesis pathway induced by ALCAR daily supplementation in soleus muscle of control and unloaded 3-month-old rats has been analyzed. It has been found that ALCAR treatment is able to upregulate the expression level of mitochondrial transcripts (COX I, ATP6,(More)