Martin Fishman

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A computerized, television-based, imaging fundus reflectometer was used to obtain estimates of the spatial distribution of macular pigment (xanthophylls) from seven normal subjects. Digitized images of the bleached macula of each subject were acquired at illuminating wavelengths from 462 to 697 nm. An analysis of spectral reflectances indicated that(More)
Retinal abnormalities characterized by a severe diffuse cone abnormality (as defined by the ERG) or by pronounced focal macular cone involvement (as defined by color vision testing) were discussed in this report. Data from 38 patients with diffuse cone abnormalities and seven patients who initially had only pronounced focal macular cone involvement were(More)
Of 31 patients with retinitis pigmentosa, 18 (58%) had lesions of the retinal pigmentary epithelium within the maculae of both eyes. Six of the 31 patients (19%) showed macular cysts or holes (five bilateral, one unilateral) without angiographic evidence of leakage from perifoveal capillaries, while seven patients (23%) had macular cysts in both eyes(More)
Cone pigment density difference refers to a change in light absorption by cones before and after bleaching of their visual pigments. With a television ophthalmoscope image processor, we measured the foveal cone pigment density difference in patients with retinitis pigmentosa (RP), good central vision, and no clinically apparent foveal lesion. Foveal(More)
Some patients with retinitis pigmentosa (RP) show a reduced foveal short-wavelength sensitivity that cannot be attributed to a reduction in the sensitivity of the short-wavelength cone system. To determine whether an increased amount of macular pigment (xanthophyll) might account for this finding, we derived estimates of the two-way optical density of the(More)
BACKGROUND Intravenous forms of proton pump inhibitors (IV PPI) are routinely used for patients with acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding, but a significant concern for their inappropriate use has been suggested. patients and METHODS All consecutive patients who received IV PPI (pantoprazole) over 20 months in six Canadian hospitals were reviewed.(More)
A total of 110 patients with retinitis pigmentosa were prospectively and consecutively evaluated for the presence of foveal lesions. Of these 69 (63 percent) patients showed one of two types of separate and distinct bilateral foveal lesions. Forty-seven (43 percent) patients had atrophic-appearing lesions of the retinal pigment epithelium within the fovea(More)
Using fundus reflectometry, we have measured a decrease in the density difference of the foveal cone visual pigments with age in human subjects. This decrease is consistent with a loss of visual pigment in the retina with age. Fundus reflectance and normalized density difference spectra data are presented for these subjects. A decrease in cone pigment with(More)
Severe ocular malformations, including microphthalmos, intraocular cartilage, cataract, persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous, and retinal dysplasia, occurred in a premature baby girl. The mother had ingested LSD during the first trimester of pregnancy. To our knowledge, this is the third case reported of ocular teratogenesis associated with maternal LSD(More)