Martin Ferguson-Pell

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Noninvasive functional magnetic stimulation (FMS) of the sacral nerve roots can activate gluteal muscles. We propose the use of sacral anterior root stimulator (SARS) implants to prevent ischial pressure ulcers in the spinal cord injury (SCI) population. In this study, we (1) investigated the acute effects of sacral FMS on ischial pressure, skin blood(More)
Neuromuscular stimulation via the sacral nerve roots is proposed for prevention of ischial pressure ulcers following a spinal cord injury (SCI). Acute effects of sacral functional magnetic stimulation (FMS) on seat interface pressure changes were investigated in five nondisabled volunteers. Similar effects were demonstrated with functional electrical(More)
The clinical assessment of risk factors leading to pressure sores is normally undertaken in a hospital clinic. However, knowledge of the sitting behavior of the patient outside the clinic may more realistically and comprehensively identify these factors. Many patients, for example, are thought to sit habitually with more pressure on one buttock than the(More)
The purpose of this study was to describe and examine the variations in recruitment patterns of motor units (MUs) in biceps brachii (BB) through a range of joint motion during dynamic eccentric and concentric contractions. Twelve healthy participants (6 females, 6 males, age=30±8.5 years) performed concentric and eccentric contractions with constant(More)
This study investigated changes in the coordination patterns of shoulder muscles and wheelchair kinetics with different propulsion techniques by comparing wheelchair users' self-selected propulsion patterns with a semicircular pattern adopted after instruction. Wheelchair kinetics data were recorded by Smart(Wheel) on an ergometer, while EMG activity of(More)
The purposes of this study were: (1) to apply wavelet and principal component analysis to quantify the spectral properties of the surface EMG and MMG signals from biceps brachii during isometric ramp and step muscle contractions when the motor units are recruited in an orderly manner, and (2) to compare the recruitment patterns of motor unit during(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether muscle balance is influenced by fatigue in a recordable way, toward creating novel defensive activity strategies for manual wheelchair users (MWUs). Wheelchair propulsion to a point of mild fatigue, level 15 on the Rating of Perceived Exertion scale, was investigated at two different speeds. Surface(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate how the coordination patterns of shoulder muscles change with level-ground and incline wheelchair propulsion. Wheelchair kinetics and electromyography (EMG) activity of seven muscles were recorded with surface electrodes for 15 nondisabled subjects during wheelchair propulsion on a stationary ergometer and wooden(More)
Results from applying the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 16840-2 test method for determining the impact damping characteristics of 35 wheelchair cushions plus a high resilience (HR70) polyurethane reference foam sample are reported. The generation of impact forces when a wheelchair user either transfers onto a cushion or the wheelchair(More)
Deep tissue injuries are subcutaneous regions of tissue breakdown associated with excessive mechanical pressure for extended period of time. These wounds are currently clinically undetectable in their early stages and result in severe burdens on not only the patients who suffer from them, but the health care system as well. The goal of this work was to(More)