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Wheelchair pressure mapping devices used in the prescription of seat cushions and postural supports have been limited in durability, data presentation, and/or clinical efficiency. This project sought to establish the ideal specifications for clinically useful pressure mapping systems, and to use these specifications to influence the design of an innovative(More)
Neuromuscular stimulation via the sacral nerve roots is proposed for prevention of ischial pressure ulcers following a spinal cord injury (SCI). Acute effects of sacral functional magnetic stimulation (FMS) on seat interface pressure changes were investigated in five nondisabled volunteers. Similar effects were demonstrated with functional electrical(More)
Noninvasive functional magnetic stimulation (FMS) of the sacral nerve roots can activate gluteal muscles. We propose the use of sacral anterior root stimulator (SARS) implants to prevent ischial pressure ulcers in the spinal cord injury (SCI) population. In this study, we (1) investigated the acute effects of sacral FMS on ischial pressure, skin blood(More)
Prototype testing has been accomplished on a piezoelectric, internal fixation plate. This device combines a piezoelectric material with an internal fixation device as an integrated structure that provides mechanical stability, together with self-generated electrical stimulation, for treating fractures and nonunion. In bench and animal tests we have(More)
UNLABELLED Osteoporosis after spinal cord injury is common. Reductions in bone density are rapid and fracture rates are higher after injury. Early treatment with 4 mg zoledronic acid significantly reduced bone loss at the hip compared to untreated individuals in the first year. Treatment appeared safe and well tolerated. INTRODUCTION Bone mineral density(More)
STUDY DESIGN A cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES To measure the change of structural and material properties at different sites of the tibia in spinal cord-injured patients using peripheral quantitative computerised tomography (pQCT). SETTING Orthopaedic research centre (UK). METHODS Thirty-one subjects were measured--eight with acute spinal cord(More)
We have developed a simple method for the direct analysis of two-dimensional trabecular structure. Using this method, we have compared the structure of the left and right iliac crest and the second lumbar vertebra and studied the relationship between two-dimensional trabecular structure and the ultimate compressive stress of bone samples from the second(More)
UNLABELLED Wound dressings have been successfully explored for use in prevention of pressure ulcers in individuals who are at clinical high-risk for developing ulcers. METHODS In this study, application of a recently described body analog test fixture and method is used to evaluate performance features of 8 clinically available dressings for prophylaxis.(More)
This study was undertaken to determine whether the reactive hyperemia response following ischemia in spinal cord injured (SCI) individuals is different from that which occurs in able-bodied (AB) individuals. The reactive hyperemia response was produced by applying a pressure of 150 mmHg for 300 s, 600 s, and 900 s to the skin over the greater trochanter in(More)