Martin F Joyce-Brady

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BACKGROUND Approximately ten percent of patients placed on mechanical ventilation during acute illness will require long-term ventilator support. Unfortunately, despite rehabilitation, some will never be liberated from the ventilator. A method of predicting weaning outcomes for these patients could help conserve resources and minimize frustrating failed(More)
gamma-Glutamyl transferase (GGT) is critical to glutathione homeostasis by providing substrates for glutathione synthesis. We hypothesized that loss of GGT would cause oxidant stress in the lung. We compared the lungs of GGT(enu1) mice, a genetic model of GGT deficiency, with normal mice in normoxia to study this hypothesis. We found GGT promoter 3 (P3)(More)
We report here the identification and characterization of a novel gene, T1 alpha, expressed in high abundance in adult rat lung, fetal lung, and early fetal brain. T1 alpha was identified by a monoclonal antibody previously shown to be specific for an antigen expressed by alveolar epithelial type I cells. The cDNA for T1 alpha is 1.85 kb and identifies a(More)
Alveolar epithelial type 2 (T2) cells isolated from the lungs of adult rats responded to exogenous atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) by two signalling mechanisms. First, ANP induced a dose-dependent reduction of ligand-stimulated adenylyl cyclase activity and cAMP accumulation. This effect was inhibited by the addition of GDPbetaS or by pretreatment with(More)
We identified Bax inhibitor-1, BI-1, as a developmentally regulated gene product in perinatal lung using suppressive subtractive hybridization. BI-1 is a novel suppressor of apoptosis that was previously cloned as testis-enhanced gene transcript (TEGT). However, sequence analysis of lung BI-1 revealed unique nucleotides starting 29 bases upstream of the ATG(More)
GGTenul, a recently described genetic murine model of gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) deficiency, was induced by the point mutagen N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea and is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait. The phenotype of systemic GGT deficiency suggested a mutation site within the cDNA coding region which is common in all GGT transcripts. To identify this(More)
Jean, Jyh Chang, Yue Liu, Lou Ann Brown, Robert E. Marc, Elizabeth Klings, and Martin Joyce-Brady. -Glutamyl transferase deficiency results in lung oxidant stress in normoxia. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol 283: L766–L776, 2002. First published May 3, 2002; 10.1152/ ajplung.00250.2000.— -Glutamyl transferase (GGT) is critical to glutathione homeostasis(More)
Aldolase C (EC 4.1.2.13) is a brain-specific aldolase isoform and a putative target of the transcription factor hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1. We identified aldolase C as a candidate hypoxia-regulated gene in mouse lung epithelial (MLE) cells using differential display. We show that the message accumulates in a robust fashion when MLE cells are exposed(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize the epidemiology and microbiology of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in a long-term acute care hospital (LTACH). DESIGN Retrospective study of prospectively identified cases of VAP. SETTING Single-center, 207-bed LTACH with the capacity to house 42 patients requiring mechanical ventilation, evaluated from April 1, 2006,(More)
We studied differentiation of the pulmonary epithelium in the periphery of fetal rat lung in vivo and in vitro by comparing the ontogeny of cell-surface glycoconjugates with that of surfactant phospholipids. Apical surface binding of the lectin Maclura pomifera agglutinin (MPA) and expression of a 200-kDa MPA-binding glycoprotein (MPA-gp200) was evident at(More)