Martin Engelhard

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Electron paramagnetic resonance-based inter-residue distance measurements between site-directed spin-labelled sites of sensory rhodopsin II (NpSRII) and its transducer NpHtrII from Natronobacterium pharaonis revealed a 2:2 complex with 2-fold symmetry. The core of the complex is formed by the four transmembrane helices of a transducer dimer. Upon light(More)
Sensory rhodopsin II (also called phoborhodopsin) from the archaeal Natronobacterium pharaonis (pSRII) functions as a repellent phototaxis receptor. The excitation of the receptor by light triggers the activation of a transducer molecule (pHtrII) which has close resemblance to the cytoplasmic domain of bacterial chemotaxis receptors. In order to elucidate(More)
Microbial rhodopsins, which constitute a family of seven-helix membrane proteins with retinal as a prosthetic group, are distributed throughout the Bacteria, Archaea and Eukaryota. This family of photoactive proteins uses a common structural design for two distinct functions: light-driven ion transport and phototaxis. The sensors activate a signal(More)
The microbial phototaxis receptor sensory rhodopsin II (NpSRII, also named phoborhodopsin) mediates the photophobic response of the haloarchaeon Natronomonas pharaonis by modulating the swimming behaviour of the bacterium. After excitation by blue-green light NpSRII triggers, by means of a tightly bound transducer protein (NpHtrII), a signal transduction(More)
Natronobacterium pharaonis, an aerobic haloalkaliphilic archaebacterium, expresses high concentrations of redox proteins as do alkaliphilic eubacteria. The first redox protein characterized from N. pharaonis was halocyanin [Scharf, B., & Engelhard, M. (1993) Biochemistry 32, 12894-12900], a small blue copper protein. It is a peripheral membrane protein and(More)
Several diazotrophic species of Azoarcus spp. occur as endophytes in the pioneer plant Kallar grass. The purpose of this study was to screen Asian wild rice and cultivated Oryza sativa varieties for natural association with these endophytes. Populations of culturable diazotrophs in surface-sterilized roots were characterized by 16S rDNA sequence analysis,(More)
Halocyanin, a small blue copper protein, was isolated from the haloalkaliphilic archaeon Natronobacterium pharaonis. The NH2 terminus was not accessible to Edman degradation. About 70% of the amino acid sequence was determined by protein sequence analysis. The sequence information of two peptides was used for cloning and sequencing the halocyanin gene(More)
The Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectra of photocycle intermediates of sensory rhodopsin II (pSRII) from Natronobacterium pharaonis were measured. The results of the FTIR experiments indicate considerable conformational movements of pSRII already at the stage of the early K-like intermediate which persist at least during the lifetime of the long lived(More)
Proteorhodopsin, a homologue of archaeal bacteriorhodopsin (BR), belongs to a newly identified family of retinal proteins from marine bacteria, which could play an important role in the energy balance of the biosphere. We cloned the cDNA sequence of proteorhodopsin by chemical gene synthesis, expressed the protein in Escherichia coli cells, purified and(More)