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Electron paramagnetic resonance-based inter-residue distance measurements between site-directed spin-labelled sites of sensory rhodopsin II (NpSRII) and its transducer NpHtrII from Natronobacterium pharaonis revealed a 2:2 complex with 2-fold symmetry. The core of the complex is formed by the four transmembrane helices of a transducer dimer. Upon light(More)
Halorhodopsin, the chloride pump from Natronobacterium pharaonis (pharaonis hR), was isolated under conditions of low ionic strength. The quotient between the optical densities of pharaonis hR in 4 M NaCl at 280 and 577 nm amounts to 1.1, indicating a high purity of the protein and integrity of the chromophore. Gel filtration chromatography of the purified(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the clinical course of patients with angioimmunoblastic lymphadenopathy (AILD)-type lymphoma with a sequential treatment with prednisone and COPBLAM/IMVP-16. DESIGN A multicenter, prospective, nonrandomized trial. SETTING University medical centers and community hospitals. PATIENTS Sixty-seven patients were registered, 28 were(More)
Transient kinetic methods have been used to analyze the interaction between the Ras-binding domain (RBD) of c-Raf-1 and a complex of H-Ras and a GTP analogue. The results obtained show that the binding is a two-step process, with an initial rapid equilibrium step being followed by an isomerization reaction occurring at several hundred per second. The(More)
We evaluated recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (rhGM-CSF; Sandoz Pharma [Basel, Switzerland]/Schering-Plough [Kenilworth, NJ]) as an adjunct to a modified (mainly cyclophosphamide and doxorubicin increased 1.5-fold) COP-BLAM regimen in the primary treatment of high-grade malignant non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHL). Patients (n =(More)
The microbial phototaxis receptor sensory rhodopsin II (NpSRII, also named phoborhodopsin) mediates the photophobic response of the haloarchaeon Natronomonas pharaonis by modulating the swimming behaviour of the bacterium. After excitation by blue-green light NpSRII triggers, by means of a tightly bound transducer protein (NpHtrII), a signal transduction(More)
Microbial rhodopsins, which constitute a family of seven-helix membrane proteins with retinal as a prosthetic group, are distributed throughout the Bacteria, Archaea and Eukaryota. This family of photoactive proteins uses a common structural design for two distinct functions: light-driven ion transport and phototaxis. The sensors activate a signal(More)
The blue-light receptor genes (sopII) of sensory rhodopsin (SR) II were cloned from two species, the halophilic bacteria Haloarcula vallismortis (vSR-II) and Natronobacterium pharaonis (pSR-II). Upstream of both sopII gene loci, sequences corresponding to the halobacterial transducer of rhodopsin (Htr) II were recognized. In N. pharaonis, psopII and phtrII(More)
The pressure dependence of the photocycle kinetics of bacteriorhodopsin from Halobacterium salinarium was investigated at pressures up to 4 kbar at 25 degrees C and 40 degrees C. The kinetics can be adequately modeled by nine apparent rate constants, which are assigned to irreversible transitions of a single relaxation chain of nine kinetically(More)