Martin E Kreis

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The plant Arabidopsis thaliana (Arabidopsis) has become an important model species for the study of many aspects of plant biology. The relatively small size of the nuclear genome and the availability of extensive physical maps of the five chromosomes provide a feasible basis for initiating sequencing of the five chromosomes. The YAC (yeast artificial(More)
The higher plant Arabidopsis thaliana (Arabidopsis) is an important model for identifying plant genes and determining their function. To assist biological investigations and to define chromosome structure, a coordinated effort to sequence the Arabidopsis genome was initiated in late 1996. Here we report one of the first milestones of this project, the(More)
The B-hordeins are the major group of prolamin storage proteins in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) and they are encoded by a small multigene family that is expressed specifically in the developing endosperm. We report the complete nucleotide sequence of a clone of one B-hordein gene (pBHR184). The cloned gene contains no introns and belongs to the B1 sub-family(More)
A cDNA, cRKIN1, encoding a putative homologue of the yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) SNF1-encoded protein-serine/threonine kinase, has been isolated from a library prepared from rye endosperm mRNA. Northern blot analysis demonstrated the presence of cRKIN1-related transcripts in developing endosperms but not in shoots, and Southern blot analysis showed the(More)
AKINalpha1, a Ser/Thr kinase from Arabidopsis thaliana belongs to the highly conserved SNF1 family of protein kinases in eukaryotes. Recent data suggest that the plant SNF1-related kinases (SnRK1 family) are key enzymes implicated in the regulation of carbohydrate and lipid metabolism. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae and mammals, the SNF1 and AMPKalpha protein(More)
The numerous genomic sequences and ESTs released by the Arabidopsis thaliana Genome Initiative (AGI) have allowed a systematic and functional study of the DEAD box RNA helicase family. Sequencing and in silico analysis led to the characterization of 28 novel A. thaliana DEAD box RNA helicases forming a family of 32 members, named AtRH. Fourteen AtRH genes(More)
In higher plants, the correct patterning of the floral meristem in terms of organ type, number and form is the result of a concerted expression of a network of genes. We describe phenotypes of flower patterning, resulting from a reduction of transcript levels of the Arabidopsis SHAGGY-related protein kinase genes AtSK11(ASKalpha) and AtSK12(ASKgamma). The(More)
Nearly 7000 Arabidopsis thaliana-expressed sequence tags (ESTs) from 10 cDNA libraries have been sequenced, of which almost 5000 non-redundant tags have been submitted to the EMBL data bank. The quality of the cDNA libraries used is analysed. Similarity searches in international protein data banks have allowed the detection of significant similarities to a(More)
Higher plants contain a multigene family encoding proteins that share a highly conserved catalytic protein kinase domain about 70% identical to SHAGGY protein kinase (SGG) and glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3), respectively, from Drosophila and mammals. In this study we have characterized the structure and evolution of the Arabidopsis SHAGGY-related(More)
The major storage proteins (prolamins) of barley, rye and wheat are characterized by the presence of two or more unrelated structural domains, one of which contains repeated sequences. Because of this repetitive structure and their restricted distribution (only in grasses), it has been suggested that the prolamins are of recent origin. Contrary to this(More)