Martin Donaghy

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We report an outbreak comprising 50 confirmed cases of Legionnaires' disease in Edinburgh, Scotland, June 2012. In addition, there were 49 suspected cases. Epidemiological evidence suggests that a common outdoor airborne exposure occurred over south-west Edinburgh. This probably emanated from cooling towers in the north-east of the affected area, although(More)
BACKGROUND AND METHODS The national immunisation records of over 220,000 girls offered vaccine in the routine or catch-up programme of the Human papillomavirus (HPV) programme in Scotland were analysed. Descriptive statistics and multilevel modelling were used to determine individual and organisational factors associated with uptake. Age, school year,(More)
Background:We conducted a baseline prevalence survey of unvaccinated 11- to 18-year olds to inform effectiveness studies for the new human papillomavirus (HPV) immunisation programme in Scotland.Methods:Participants were recruited from schools and colleges and invited to provide demographic data and an anonymous urine sample for type-specific HPV(More)
Background:In 2008, a national human papillomavirus (HPV) immunisation programme began in Scotland for 12–13 year old females with a three-year catch-up campaign for those under the age of 18. Since 2008, three-dose uptake of bivalent vaccine in the routine cohort aged 12–13 has exceeded 90% annually, while in the catch-up cohort overall uptake is(More)
Outbreaks of Q fever are rare in the UK. In 2006, the largest outbreak of Q fever in Scotland occurred at a co-located slaughterhouse and cutting plant with 110 cases. Preliminary investigations pointed to the sheep lairage being the potential source of exposure to the infective agent. A retrospective cohort study was carried out among workers along with(More)
In September 2008, Scotland introduced a national human papillomavirus (HPV) immunisation programme with bivalent HPV vaccine, to prevent cervical cancer. This school-based programme routinely vaccinates girls aged between 12 and 13 years. A catch-up campaign, running over three years, also began at this time, offering vaccination to all girls aged 13 years(More)
In 2013, Wales and England experienced large outbreaks of measles, a disease that has been targeted by the World Health Organisation for European elimination by 2015. Unfortunately, measles-mumps-rubella vaccine uptake declined to less than 80% in Wales and England after the Wakefield publicity and this resulted in increased population susceptibility to(More)
BACKGROUND Estimation of pre-immunisation prevalence of HPV and distribution of HPV types is fundamental to understanding the subsequent impact of HPV vaccination. We describe the type specific prevalence of HPV in females aged 20-21 in Scotland who attended or defaulted from cervical screening using three specimen types; from attenders liquid based(More)
Several neurological presentations of acute primary infection with HIV have recently been described. A previously unrecognised presentation with neurogenic retention of urine and sacral sensory loss is reported. The case is discussed in the context of other neurological syndromes associated with seroconversion to HIV, and of other viral causes of acute(More)