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In this study, we report on the ability of resorbable poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA) nonwoven scaffolds to support the attachment, growth, and differentiation of marrow stromal cells (MSCs) under fluid flow. Rat MSCs were isolated from young male Wistar rats and expanded using established methods. The cells were then seeded on PLLA nonwoven fiber meshes. The(More)
A resorbable composite augmentation cord braided of poly(L-lactide) and poly(L-lactide-co-glycolide) fibers was designed for the temporary protection of repaired cruciate ligaments. This study examined the biocompatibility of the new device and the influence of augmentation duration on ligament healing in a sheep model. The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)(More)
We supplemented rat marrow stromal cells (rMSCs) seeded on poly(L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) fiber meshes with transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta1) to improve bone tissue formation for tissue engineering. Whereas our first study (Lieb, E., et al. Tissue Eng. 10, 1399-1413, 2004) investigated the effects of TGF-beta1 on matrix formation and(More)
OBJECTIVES Thrombogenity of small-diameter vascular prostheses might be reduced by complete coverage of the luminal surface with vascular cells. We investigated cell seeding on polyurethane vascular prostheses. METHODS Thirty polyurethane vascular prostheses were divided into 3 groups of 10 each: group A, diameter of 20 mm and gamma-sterilized; group B,(More)
Cartilage tissue engineering is applied clinically to cover and regenerate articular cartilage defects. Two bioresorbable nonwoven scaffolds, polyglycolic acid (PGA) and poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) (90/10 copolymer of L-lactide and glycolide), were seeded with human chondrocytes after initial progeny in a monolayer with a serum-free medium. Two(More)
Adult adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) are considered to be an alternative cell source for cell-based cartilage repair because of their multiple differentiation potentials. This article addresses the chondrogenic differentiation of ASCs seeded into poly-lactide-co-glycolide (PLGA) scaffolds after implantation in a subcutaneous pocket of nude mice. Human(More)
Bone tissue engineering based on growing bone marrow stromal cells on poly(L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) fiber meshes suffers from limited matrix production and mineralization when the cells are cultured with the standard differentiation supplements (dexamethasone, beta-glycerophosphate, and ascorbic acid). To overcome this problem we included transforming(More)
Articular surface defects will not heal spontaneously. Localized defects, e.g., in the knee joint, should be treated with transplantation of autologous cells containing material of different composition. For transplantation of osteochondral pegs they are grafted from minor loaded joint areas and implanted into highly loaded defect regions. For autologous(More)
BACKGROUND Tissue engineering represents a promising new method for treating heart valve diseases. The aim of this study was evaluate the importance of conditioning procedures of tissue engineered polyurethane heart valve prostheses by the comparison of static and dynamic cultivation methods. METHODS Human vascular endothelial cells (ECs) and fibroblasts(More)