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We used proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS) to investigate the temporal lobes of 25 patients with temporal lobe epilepsy. Spectra were obtained from 2 x 2 x 2 cm cubes in the medial region of the temporal lobe, and were analyzed on the basis of signals from N-acetylaspartate (NAA), creatine + phosphocreatine (Cr), and choline-containing(More)
The time evolution of water diffusion, perfusion, T1, and T2 is investigated at high magnetic field (8.5 T) following permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion in the rat. Cerebral blood flow maps were obtained using arterial spin tagging. Although the quantitative perfusion measurements in ischemic tissue still pose difficulties, the combined perfusion(More)
The aims of this study were to examine the relationships of hippocampal T2 (HCT2) relaxation time and magnetic resonance (MR)-based hippocampal volume (HCV) to neuronal (ND) and glial cell densities (GD) of hippocampal neuronal cell layers, and to obtain a better clinicopathological definition of hippocampal sclerosis (HS) and end folium sclerosis (EFS).(More)
Mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS) is the most common lesion in patients who require epilepsy surgery, and approximately 50% of patients with MTS have a history of prolonged febrile convulsion (PFC) in childhood. The latter led to the hypothesis that convulsive status epilepticus, including PFC, can cause MTS. Our recently published data on children(More)
BACKGROUND Histopathological studies of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) are of end stage disease. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) provides the opportunity to investigate indirectly corticospinal tract pathology of ALS in vivo. METHODS DTI was used to study the water diffusion characteristics of the corticospinal tracts in 21 patients with ALS and 14(More)
Oligemic regions, in which the cerebral blood flow is reduced without impaired energy metabolism, have the potential to evolve toward infarction and remain a target for therapy. The aim of this study was to investigate this oligemic region using various MRI parameters in a rat model of focal oligemia. This model has been designed specifically for(More)
Probabilistic tractography provides estimates of the probability of a structural connection between points or regions in a brain volume, based on information from diffusion MRI. The ability to estimate the uncertainty associated with reconstructed pathways is valuable, but noise in the image data leads to premature termination or erroneous trajectories in(More)
One hundred patients with intractable temporal lobe epilepsy and 22 control subjects were scanned on a 1.5-T Siemens SP63 Magnetom scanner. A combination of hippocampal T2 mapping, hippocampal volume measurement corrected for intracranial volume, and inspection of hippocampal morphology on a hippocampal volume distribution graph compared with a control(More)
We used proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS) for the assessment of focal brain pathology in 22 right-handed children with a diagnosis of intractable temporal lobe epilepsy, and we related this pathology to cognitive dysfunction. Cognitive assessment was based on measurements of verbal IQ, performance IQ, and the Paired Associate Learning subtest(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether specific temporal lobe simple partial seizures (SPSs) are associated with an abnormal amygdala T2 (AT2) ipsilateral to the seizure focus in patients with intractable unilateral temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). AT2 relaxation time mapping is a sensitive method for the detection of abnormal tissue in the amygdala in patients with(More)