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The time evolution of water diffusion, perfusion, T1, and T2 is investigated at high magnetic field (8.5 T) following permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion in the rat. Cerebral blood flow maps were obtained using arterial spin tagging. Although the quantitative perfusion measurements in ischemic tissue still pose difficulties, the combined perfusion(More)
Diffusion-weighted (DW) and gradient echo (GE) magnetic resonance images were acquired before and after occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) in the rat. Upon occlusion, an increase in DW imaging signal intensity was observed in a core area within the MCA territory, most likely reflecting cytotoxic edema. The signal from GE images, which is(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging has been shown to be particularly suited to the study of the acute phase of cerebral ischemia in animal models. The studies reported in this paper were undertaken to determine whether this technique is sensitive to the known ischemic thresholds for cerebral tissue energy failure and(More)
We used proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS) to investigate the temporal lobes of 25 patients with temporal lobe epilepsy. Spectra were obtained from 2 x 2 x 2 cm cubes in the medial region of the temporal lobe, and were analyzed on the basis of signals from N-acetylaspartate (NAA), creatine + phosphocreatine (Cr), and choline-containing(More)
Mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS) is the most common lesion in patients who require epilepsy surgery, and approximately 50% of patients with MTS have a history of prolonged febrile convulsion (PFC) in childhood. The latter led to the hypothesis that convulsive status epilepticus, including PFC, can cause MTS. Our recently published data on children(More)
Vascular growth and redistribution of flow can compensate for arterial occlusion and possibly reduce the effects of hypoperfusion. As yet there is limited information on the age-dependent nature of vasculature remodelling. In this study, we have monitored the vascular and morphologic changes using magnetic resonance imaging and histology in a chronic(More)
Localized q-space imaging was used to obtain water displacement profiles from mouse brain. These profiles take the form of unidirectional diffusive displacement probability distributions. Two groups of mice were studied, a normal group and a group in which surgery had been performed to produce a unilateral reduction in the supply of blood to the forebrain.(More)
The aims of this study were to examine the relationships of hippocampal T2 (HCT2) relaxation time and magnetic resonance (MR)-based hippocampal volume (HCV) to neuronal (ND) and glial cell densities (GD) of hippocampal neuronal cell layers, and to obtain a better clinicopathological definition of hippocampal sclerosis (HS) and end folium sclerosis (EFS).(More)
Oligemic regions, in which the cerebral blood flow is reduced without impaired energy metabolism, have the potential to evolve toward infarction and remain a target for therapy. The aim of this study was to investigate this oligemic region using various MRI parameters in a rat model of focal oligemia. This model has been designed specifically for(More)
Statistical techniques play a major role in contemporary methods for analyzing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data. In addition to the central role that classical statistical methods play in research using MRI, statistical modeling and machine learning techniques are key to many modern data analysis pipelines. Applications for these techniques cover a(More)