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The time evolution of water diffusion, perfusion, T1, and T2 is investigated at high magnetic field (8.5 T) following permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion in the rat. Cerebral blood flow maps were obtained using arterial spin tagging. Although the quantitative perfusion measurements in ischemic tissue still pose difficulties, the combined perfusion(More)
The oxidation of organic films on cloud condensation nuclei has the potential to affect climate and precipitation events. In this work we present a study of the oxidation of a monolayer of deuterated oleic acid (cis-9-octadecenoic acid) at the air-water interface by ozone to determine if oxidation removes the organic film or replaces it with a product film.(More)
We used proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS) to investigate the temporal lobes of 25 patients with temporal lobe epilepsy. Spectra were obtained from 2 x 2 x 2 cm cubes in the medial region of the temporal lobe, and were analyzed on the basis of signals from N-acetylaspartate (NAA), creatine + phosphocreatine (Cr), and choline-containing(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging has been shown to be particularly suited to the study of the acute phase of cerebral ischemia in animal models. The studies reported in this paper were undertaken to determine whether this technique is sensitive to the known ischemic thresholds for cerebral tissue energy failure and(More)
The aims of this study were to examine the relationships of hippocampal T2 (HCT2) relaxation time and magnetic resonance (MR)-based hippocampal volume (HCV) to neuronal (ND) and glial cell densities (GD) of hippocampal neuronal cell layers, and to obtain a better clinicopathological definition of hippocampal sclerosis (HS) and end folium sclerosis (EFS).(More)
Mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS) is the most common lesion in patients who require epilepsy surgery, and approximately 50% of patients with MTS have a history of prolonged febrile convulsion (PFC) in childhood. The latter led to the hypothesis that convulsive status epilepticus, including PFC, can cause MTS. Our recently published data on children(More)
BACKGROUND Histopathological studies of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) are of end stage disease. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) provides the opportunity to investigate indirectly corticospinal tract pathology of ALS in vivo. METHODS DTI was used to study the water diffusion characteristics of the corticospinal tracts in 21 patients with ALS and 14(More)
Oligemic regions, in which the cerebral blood flow is reduced without impaired energy metabolism, have the potential to evolve toward infarction and remain a target for therapy. The aim of this study was to investigate this oligemic region using various MRI parameters in a rat model of focal oligemia. This model has been designed specifically for(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We sought to evaluate the application of T2-weighted and diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging techniques in the study of a focal ischemic lesion in the rat brain. METHODS Unilateral cortical infarcts were induced using the photosensitive dye rose bengal and 560 nm light irradiation. Magnetic resonance images were recorded(More)
Probabilistic tractography provides estimates of the probability of a structural connection between points or regions in a brain volume, based on information from diffusion MRI. The ability to estimate the uncertainty associated with reconstructed pathways is valuable, but noise in the image data leads to premature termination or erroneous trajectories in(More)