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We used proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS) to investigate the temporal lobes of 25 patients with temporal lobe epilepsy. Spectra were obtained from 2 x 2 x 2 cm cubes in the medial region of the temporal lobe, and were analyzed on the basis of signals from N-acetylaspartate (NAA), creatine + phosphocreatine (Cr), and choline-containing(More)
Probabilistic tractography provides estimates of the probability of a structural connection between points or regions in a brain volume, based on information from diffusion MRI. The ability to estimate the uncertainty associated with reconstructed pathways is valuable, but noise in the image data leads to premature termination or erroneous trajectories in(More)
The aims of this study were to examine the relationships of hippocampal T2 (HCT2) relaxation time and magnetic resonance (MR)-based hippocampal volume (HCV) to neuronal (ND) and glial cell densities (GD) of hippocampal neuronal cell layers, and to obtain a better clinicopathological definition of hippocampal sclerosis (HS) and end folium sclerosis (EFS).(More)
Mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS) is the most common lesion in patients who require epilepsy surgery, and approximately 50% of patients with MTS have a history of prolonged febrile convulsion (PFC) in childhood. The latter led to the hypothesis that convulsive status epilepticus, including PFC, can cause MTS. Our recently published data on children(More)
Statistical techniques play a major role in contemporary methods for analyzing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data. In addition to the central role that classical statistical methods play in research using MRI, statistical modeling and machine learning techniques are key to many modern data analysis pipelines. Applications for these techniques cover a(More)
One hundred patients with intractable temporal lobe epilepsy and 22 control subjects were scanned on a 1.5-T Siemens SP63 Magnetom scanner. A combination of hippocampal T2 mapping, hippocampal volume measurement corrected for intracranial volume, and inspection of hippocampal morphology on a hippocampal volume distribution graph compared with a control(More)
We used proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS) for the assessment of focal brain pathology in 22 right-handed children with a diagnosis of intractable temporal lobe epilepsy, and we related this pathology to cognitive dysfunction. Cognitive assessment was based on measurements of verbal IQ, performance IQ, and the Paired Associate Learning subtest(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether specific temporal lobe simple partial seizures (SPSs) are associated with an abnormal amygdala T2 (AT2) ipsilateral to the seizure focus in patients with intractable unilateral temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). AT2 relaxation time mapping is a sensitive method for the detection of abnormal tissue in the amygdala in patients with(More)
Diffusion-weighted images of the rat brain were obtained using the pulsed-gradient spin-echo method. An attempt was made to extract perfusion-related parameters from signal intensity data taken from the caudate-putamen region of the images, by using a nonlinear least-squares calculation to fit the Le Bihan biexponential expression (Le Bihan et al.,(More)
A pulsed magnetic field gradient spin echo technique was used to study the brain of two volunteers and eight patients. The pulsed gradients were applied both perpendicular and parallel to the image slice. Striking changes in signal intensity were demonstrated in white matter depending on the direction in which pulsed gradients were applied. These effects(More)