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Mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS) is the most common lesion in patients who require epilepsy surgery, and approximately 50% of patients with MTS have a history of prolonged febrile convulsion (PFC) in childhood. The latter led to the hypothesis that convulsive status epilepticus, including PFC, can cause MTS. Our recently published data on children(More)
This paper examines a Bayesian random effects modelling approach to the analysis of multiple-directions diffusion-weighted MR data, with a focus on the crossing-fibre problem. Various models were investigated including a spatial (Markov random field) model, an exchangeable model and the Besag-York-Mollie model, which includes both exchangeable and spatial(More)
In this work, the performance of image de-noising techniques for reducing errors in arterial spin labeling cerebral blood flow and arterial transit time estimates is investigated. Simulations were used to show that the established arterial spin labeling cerebral blood flow quantification method exhibits the bias behavior common to nonlinear model estimates,(More)
Probabilistic tractography provides estimates of the probability of a structural connection between points or regions in a brain volume, based on information from diffusion MRI. The ability to estimate the uncertainty associated with reconstructed pathways is valuable, but noise in the image data leads to premature termination or erroneous trajectories in(More)
Although selective vulnerability and delayed neuronal death following global ischemia have been recognized in both the human and animal brain, the underlying mechanisms of cell damage are not fully understood. In this study we investigated the time-dependent changes of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of water and cerebral blood flow (CBF) in a(More)
A Bayesian nonlinear hierarchical random coefficients model was used in a reanalysis of a previously published longitudinal study of the extracellular direct current (DC)-potential and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) responses to focal ischaemia. The main purpose was to examine the data for evidence of an ADC threshold for anoxic depolarisation. A(More)
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