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Negative senescence is characterized by a decline in mortality with age after reproductive maturity, generally accompanied by an increase in fecundity. Hamilton (1966) ruled out negative senescence: we adumbrate the deficiencies of his model. We review empirical studies of various plants and some kinds of animals that may experience negative senescence and(More)
Theories of the evolution of senescence state that symmetrically dividing organisms do not senesce. However, this view is challenged by experimental evidence. We measured by immunofluorescence the occurrence and intensity of protein carbonylation in single and symmetrically dividing cells of Schizosaccharomyces pombe. Cells of S. pombe show different levels(More)
Four typical pharmaceutical granulations were used to measure the enhanced drying performance of a laboratory-sized microwave fluid-bed processor, the design and construction of which were presented in Part I of this work (preceding paper). Results demonstrate improvements in observed drying rates by as much as sixfold depending upon the granulation type(More)
The static bed- and planetary-type microwave dryers currently available to process pharmaceutical materials are not designed to use hot-air fluidization for the purpose of maximizing microwave energy inputs and particle drying. To take advantage of the benefits offered by fluidization, a 1-kg Uni-Gatt laboratory fluid bed processor was modified to support(More)
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