Martin Commins

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Crude extracts of Babesia bovis parasites were shown to induce levels of protection in susceptible cattle equivalent to that resulting from natural infection. The crude material was systematically fractionated and tested in numerous sequential vaccination/challenge experiments in adult cattle. Antigens in protective fractions were then purified by affinity(More)
Bovine erythrocytes infected with Babesia bovis were analysed for parameter changes known to influence rigidity and deformability of erythrocytes. Marked increases in malonyldialdehyde were detected indicating that lipid peroxidation occurs during infection. Consequently, increases in membrane lipid, methaemoglobin and membrane-bound haemoglobin were(More)
The optimum gel filtration fraction from lysate of Babesia bovis infected erythrocytes was determined for use as an antigen in an ELISA to diagnose B. bovis infection in cattle. Of four enzyme labels tested, horseradish peroxidase was the most suitable. The assay is both sensitive and specific in detecting antibody for 2-4 years after a single infection.(More)
Sera from cattle infected with Babesia bovis were found to contain antibodies to phosphatidyl-serine (PS), a negatively charged phospholipid normally found on the internal membrane of erythrocytes. In contrast, no autoantibodies were detected following Babesia bigemina infection indicating that the autoimmunity is not genus specific. During infection with(More)
The dominant immunodiffusion antigen of Babesia bovis was prepared from the lysate of infected erythrocytes by cation exchange chromatography, gel filtration and preparative native acrylamide electrophoresis. It was seemingly free of other babesial antigens and tested as a vaccine. In vaccinated calves, compared to controls, there was a delay in(More)
A void volume fraction and fractions of mean sizes 800 kdalton and 300 kdalton were isolated by gel filtration from lysate of bovine erythrocytes infected with Babesia bovis. All fractions had good serological activity, as assayed by ELISA and IFA. Groups of four splenectomized calves were vaccinated with each fraction and then challenged, together with(More)
The development of a protective immune response in sheep towards the presence of the larval stage of Lucilia cuprina has not been reported in the field. Upon investigation of the effects of larval excretory/secretory material on ovine T lymphocyte proliferation, we isolated a 56 kDa protein capable of inhibiting lymphocyte proliferation by at least 70%,(More)
Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) is the most important cause of clinical disease and death in feedlot cattle. Respiratory viral infections are key components in predisposing cattle to the development of this disease. To quantify the contribution of four viruses commonly associated with BRD, a case-control study was conducted nested within the National(More)