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The detection and segmentation of adherent eukaryotic cells from brightfield microscopy images represent challenging tasks in the image analysis field. This paper presents a free and open-source image analysis package which fully automates the tasks of cell detection, cell boundary segmentation, and nucleus segmentation in brightfield images. The package(More)
Segmentation of transparent cells in brightfield microscopy images could facilitate the quantitative analysis of corresponding fluorescence images. However, this presents a challenge due to irregular morphology and weak intensity variation, particularly in ultra-thin regions. A boundary detection technique is applied to a series of variable focus images(More)
Combretastatins are stilbene-based, tubulin depolymerization agents with selective activity against the tumor vasculature; two variants (A-1 and A-4) are currently undergoing clinical trials. Combretastatin A-1 (CA1) has a greater antitumor effect than combretastatin A-4 (CA4). We hypothesized that this reflects the enhanced reactivity conferred by the(More)
UNLABELLED A water-soluble glucose conjugate of the hypoxia tracer 64Cu-diacetyl-bis(N4-methylthiosemicarbazone) (64Cu-ATSM) was synthesized and radiolabeled (64Cu-ATSE/A-G). Here we report our initial biological experiments with 64Cu-ATSE/A-G and compare the results with those obtained for 64Cu-ATSM and 18F-FDG. METHODS The uptake of 64Cu-ATSE/A-G and(More)
The increased resistance of hypoxic cells to all forms of cancer therapy presents a major barrier to the successful treatment of most solid tumors. Inhibition of the essential kinase Checkpoint kinase 1 (Chk1) has been described as a promising cancer therapy for tumors with high levels of hypoxia-induced replication stress. However, as inhibition of Chk1(More)
Segmenting transparent phase objects, such as biological cells from brightfield microscope images, is a difficult problem due to the lack of observable intensity contrast and noise. Previous image analysis solutions have used excessive de-focusing or physical models to obtain the underlying phase properties. Here, an improved cell boundary detection(More)
Two new types of unsymmetrical bis(thiosemicarbazone) proligands and their neutral zinc(II) and copper(II) complexes have been synthesized. These bifunctional ligands both chelate the metal ions and provide pendent amino groups that can be readily functionalized with biologically active molecules. Functionalization has been demonstrated by the synthesis of(More)
UNLABELLED (64)Cu-diacetyl-bis(N(4)-methylthiosemicarbazonate), (64)Cu-ATSM, continues to be investigated clinically as a PET agent both for delineation of tumor hypoxia and as an effective indicator of patient prognosis, but there are still aspects of the mechanism of action that are not fully understood. METHODS The retention of radioactivity in tumors(More)
A novel signal processing-oriented approach to solving problems involving inverse Laplacians is introduced. The Monogenic Signal is a powerful method of computing the phase of discrete signals in image data, however it is typically used with band-pass filters in the capacity of a feature detector. Substituting low-pass filters allows the Monogenic Signal to(More)
New M(II) bis(thiosemicarbazonato) complexes (M = Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II)) featuring allyl groups at the exocyclic nitrogens have been synthesised. The complexes were characterised in solution by spectroscopic methods and their solid state structures determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction using synchrotron radiation. The Zn(II) complex was found(More)