Martin Carette

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Fusion of bilateral shelves, to form the definitive mammalian secondary palate, is critically dependent on removal of the medial edge cells that constitute the midline epithelial seam. Conflicting views suggest that programmed apoptotic death or epithelial-mesenchymal transformation of these cells is predominantly involved. Due in part to the potentially(More)
In Williams syndrome (WS), a deletion of approximately 1.5 Mb on one copy of chromosome 7 causes specific physical, cognitive, and behavioral abnormalities. Molecular dissection of the phenotype may be a route to identification of genes important in human cognition and behavior. Among the genes known to be deleted in WS are ELN (which encodes elastin),(More)
Human congenital cataract and ocular anterior segment dysgenesis both demonstrate extensive genetic and phenotypic heterogeneity. We identified a family where ocular developmental abnormalities (cataract, anterior segment dysgenesis and microphthalmia) co-segregated with a translocation, t(5;16)(p15.3;q23.2), in both balanced and unbalanced forms. We(More)
Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS, MIM 194050) is a rare condition, with striking physical and behavioural features, which occurs in 1/20 000-1/50 000 live births. Cases are generally sporadic; however, familial cases with an autosomal dominant mode of inheritance have been reported. It results in a complex phenotype with physical, cognitive, and behavioural(More)
Williams-Beuren syndrome (WS) is a developmental disorder caused by a hemizygous microdeletion of approximately 1.4MB at chromosomal location 7q11.23. The transcription map of the WS critical region is not yet complete. We have isolated and characterised a 3.4 kb gene, GTF3, which occupies about 140 kb of the deleted region. Northern blot analysis showed(More)
Williams syndrome (WS) is a contiguous gene syndrome caused by hemizygosity for a chromosomal deletion at 7q11.23. The range of phenotypes includes mental retardation, dysmorphic facies, heart abnormalities, short stature, a specific cognitive profile, hyperacusis, and infantile hypercalcaemia. To identify all the deleted genes, we have constructed a(More)
During normal murine palatogenesis, regional specific differentiation of the epithelium results in three cell phenotypes: nasal (ciliated pseudostratified columnar cells), oral (stratified squamous cells) and medial edge (migratory, epithelio-mesenchymally transformed cells). We have developed a defined, serum-free, culture system which supports the growth(More)
Molecular characterization of chromosomal rearrangements is a powerful resource in identification of genes associated with monogenic disorders. We describe the molecular characterization of a balanced familial chromosomal translocation, t(16;22)(p13.3;q11.2), segregating with congenital lamellar cataract. This led to the discovery of a cluster of(More)
A novel culture technique, which supports the growth and differentiation of mouse embryonic palatal epithelial cells in the absence of either an extracellular matrix substratum or feeder layers, has been developed. Using this technique we have investigated the effects of exogenous transforming growth factor alpha (TGFα) and serum on extracellular matrix(More)